Basis of methods of exercise therapy

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In the practice of medical physical culture patients with cardiovascular disease should observe some General methodological rules. Special attention should be paid to the strict observance of the basic didactic principles, and to use methods of dispersion and alternating loads, when the exercise for one muscle group is replaced by exercise for the other groups, and exercises with heavy load alternate with exercises that require minor muscular effort, and with breathing exercises.
The technique of medical physical culture depends on the disease and the nature of pathological changes caused them, the stage of the disease, the degree of circulatory failure, the condition of the coronary blood circulation, functional state of the patient.
With severe forms of the disease, severe heart failure or coronary circulation classes are built so that in the first place to have a therapeutic effect: to prevent complications by improving peripheral blood circulation and breathing, to help offset weak function of the heart due to activation extracardiac factors of blood circulation, improve trophic processes due to the normalization of blood supply to the myocardium. Are used for this exercise, low-intensity running at a slow pace for small groups of muscles, breathing exercises and exercises in the relaxation of muscles.
The improvement in the patient's medical physical culture is used in the complex of rehabilitation measures for recovery. Although exercise continue to apply for the implementation of the therapeutic objectives, the main focus becomes systematic training, gradual increase physical activity. First, this is achieved through a greater number of repetitions, then by increasing the amplitude and rate movements more difficult exercise and the original provisions. So, from the low intensity exercises pass to exercise the average, then great intensity, from the original provisions of lying and sitting - to the original standing. Use dynamic load cyclical nature: walking, working on the bike, run.
After rehabilitation treatment and chronic diseases physiotherapy is used to maintain the achieved results of treatment, to improve circulation and stimulate functions of other organs and systems. Exercise and their dosage is chosen depending on residual symptoms and functional status of the patient. Use a variety of physical exercises (exercises, elements of sports, game)that periodically replaced, exercise usual, but from time to time, it then increases, then decreases.
To determine the physical activity you need to consider many factors: the main disease and the degree of coronary insufficiency, the level of physical capacity, hemodynamics, the ability to perform everyday physical activity. Taking into account these factors are 4 functional class of patients with ischemic heart disease. For each functional class regulated locomotor activity and the programme of activities of medical physical culture. This regulation applies to patients with other diseases of the cardiovascular system (learn more about functional classes, see "Coronary heart disease").
The technique of medical physical culture in diseases of the cardiovascular system also depends on the degree of heart failure.