Hygienic bases of day regimen and training of children and adolescents

Hygienically justified day regimen provides for management succession of different activities and recreation for children and teenagers during the days taking into account age peculiarities.
On the basis of functional features, peculiar to the children age, the basic principles of the regime of the day are as follows:
- provides for various activities (training and employment, meal, sleep, rest);
- for each activity with a specific duration;
- provided a certain time each regime moment during the day;
- provided the correct alternation of regime moments.
The regularity and the alternation of private security aspects are the basis for the prevention of fatigue.
Effect of age peculiarities of higher nervous activity for the students of Junior, middle and senior classes is different mode school, different duration of the lesson, school day of the academic year.
The lesson in all classrooms are 45 minutes now many studies proved that for children age 7 lessons (45 min tedious. For them it is recommended that the duration of the lesson 35 minutes But this is possible only in the presence of isolated educational and recreational facilities for students in the first class.
The great value has the correct distribution of the material in the classroom, especially for children of Junior classes. The first 5-10 minutes of the lesson go to the inclusion of students in mental work, followed by a period of maximum health. By the end of the lesson, the pupils ' attention weakened, and this time it is expedient to use for repetition.
Breaks between lessons - changes contribute to the rest of the cerebral cortex. The length of break from 10 to 30 minutes In good weather changes should be carried out in the fresh air.
Under the current curriculum in 1-3 grades are provided for 4 lessons a day, 4-th class - 4-5 lessons 5-8-m - 5-6 lessons, 9-10 grades 6 lessons a day.
Performance of the students is changed during the week. Low performance is celebrated on Saturday and Monday. Decreased performance on Saturday due to exhaustion of pupils by the end of the week, and on Monday - the gradual vyrabatyvaetsya of the body after the Sunday rest. Given this, Saturday and Monday it is necessary to provide fewer teaching hours and with more light lessons, does not require much mental effort.
When working on the school of agricultural areas to watch out for periodic changing of positions. To prevent excessive fatigue requires that the dimensions and weight of agricultural equipment meet the body proportions of children and their age opportunities.
In the period of practice in collective farms, state farms students should be involved in all possible work that promotes healing. Should be provided by the alternation of heavy and light work. We can not allow students to work for agricultural machines to work with the use of pesticides, to care for sick animals and birds. Duration of work during practice should be recommended for students of 5-th class 2 hours of 6-7 classes for 3 hours, 8-th class-4 hours in the least heat of the day. Every 45-50 min necessary to arrange a 10-minute break.
Training homework student should also be regulated.
Research domestic hygienists has established the following duration domestic activities; for pupils of the first forms of not more than 30 min - 1 h, 2 classes - 1-1,5 hours, 3-4 classes - 1,5-2 hours, 5-7 classes - 2 h, 8-10 grades 3 hours
Cooking lessons at home should start in the afternoon and rest in the fresh air, and not immediately after returning from school. Students involved in the second shift, it is advisable to prepare lessons after Breakfast in the morning.
The quality of homework pupils depends not only on the duration of employment, but also on how they are organized. It is desirable that for the preparation of lessons, students had a separate table and chair, with respective growth. In the corner of the schoolboy should also be cupboard or shelf for books and notebooks. The place of trainings should be well lit. While cooking lessons need to ensure peace and to not distract the student. Every 30-35
min lessons to younger students, and every 45-50 min senior should do a 10-15 minute break, using it for airing the room and exercise.
Compliance is especially important in the period of examination and preparation for them, when students are required self-discipline and effort of will. Body efficiency students after the school year is reduced, and therefore violations in the mode of the day cause even greater fall, which reduces the efficiency of the training.
During examination session schedule should be slightly changed compared to ordinary days in a school year, but the principles of compilation of the mode of the day are the same as in the educational days. Along with the lessons track/et regularly to relax in the fresh air and observe diet. The total duration of exam preparation should not exceed the daily duration of the school and home-load of students during the year.
Time for walks, rest, sleep, nutrition must not change. As in ordinary days, every 40-50 minutes of exercise you need to make a break for 10-15 minutes
Between each test should be a break of 3-4 days. Examinations should be conducted in a well-lit spaces with normal air and thermal conditions.
In recent years has been the development of boarding schools, in which students are all week, and on Sunday, holidays and vacation leave.
Day in-school begins with exercises, followed by cleaning the bed, toilet, Breakfast, walk and training sessions. After the training session the pupils eat, walk, and prepare assignments. Afterwards club lessons. To avoid overloading each pupil is allowed to engage in no more than two circles. In your free time, students read books, paint, etc.
Trainings are being organized as well as in secondary school.
Students in boarding school receive 4 meals a day. For every age group has established the standards night's sleep. For students of 1-2 classes with planned NAPs (1-1,5 hours).
Students remaining in the boarding school on weekends and holidays, follow the main elements of the regime of the day, but spend more time in the air (sports, games, museums, cinema and so on). In the period of summer holidays increases the time for recreational activities.