Peculiarities of labor activities and the complex characteristics of the health of persons of pre-pension and pension age


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Physiology of labour studies the physiological processes in the body that ensures the implementation of labor in specific conditions of production activity and its social and hygienic conditions and psychological basis, views about the purpose of the work, which ensures its implementation.
One of the important features of this view is the consciousness of the consumer value of labor, i.e., its ability to address vital social needs. The factor of evaluation of the labour society determines the fact that a person's ability to work can develop only under certain social conditions. In man himself, in his body are present from birth only makings that under favorable conditions in developing the ability to perform certain work.
Conditional reflexes, dynamic stereotypes and dominant, find a person in connection with the work, by origin, as noted by S. A. Kosilov and L. A. Leonov (1974), are of a social nature, and the group value. The relationship of man with the surrounding workers, with the workforce is subject to special laws. The group is irritants, relevant to the implementation of the employment action plan of industrial action, and hence abstract thinking sharply distinguish this type of activity running from all the other manifestations of life.
The success of any business of the whole enterprises and institutions largely dependent upon the effectiveness of management. Research has shown that most knowledge workers older than 40 years due to the gained experience appear valuable production quality on the basis of which they bring to more responsible positions.
The leaders of groups, teams, departments and enterprises most often in people of middle and senior age. To perform managerial work is not enough to know the economy and the production technology and to be an expert in their field. The solution of many production tasks depends on psychological microclimate, ability to work with people, to use the power of the collective influence of each employee and others, i.e., on personal psychophysiological and production-psychological characteristics of the individual.
Face physical labor in pre-retirement period, perform a more skilled and responsible work that requires professional expertise, knowledge and skill. Typically, such work is combined with the transfer of experience and knowledge of young workers. In this regard, in older age human performance, its production value should be assessed not only on individual productivity, but also beneficial effect that it has on the team as a whole.
Direct indicator that shows the health of the person are the results of his official activity. It is appreciated not only subjective, but also by exploring objective indicators (duration of the working day, the labor productivity on the day, month, quarter and year).
Daily work in persons physical labor is determined by taking into account individual performance, product quality, time spent on the various work operations not provided for in the work schedule breaks, downtime of equipment and so on
For knowledge workers, the study of work for a long time is more adequate to the objective measure of their performance. For a long time (month and year) labour productivity is measured by the quantity and quality of the executed works.
In the study of mental workers the most significant method of timing, this takes into account the main operational and support the work, talk on the phone (number and duration), regulated and unregulated breaks, stress, character and duration.