Peculiarities of labor activities and the complex characteristics of the health of persons of pre-pension and pension age


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It is known that on the employment of people affected not only the occupational profile and position. At work, especially mentally, established a significant dependence of the nature of the work performed not only from office, but also by age. For example the mental workers (engineers) with age less time performing and increasing the duration of the Advisory test works.
For a more complete view on the nature of the work of the engineers for a long time were analyzed; accounting data of the production activity of employees of one of the design institutes of Kiev. The analysis of these materials (Fig. 10), grouped by age, shows a decrease in the number of work related to the implementation of drawings, as approaching 40-49 years and a gradual increase in the number of works for receipt and checking of drawings. In the next decade this figure is reduced and again significantly increased from 60-69 years. At the least amount of time spend 40-49 years. Then it gradually increased, it remained 60-69 years of the same as at 30 to 39. In people most of the senior group at the increase total annual cost of time drawing on work by 6% in comparison with the group of 50-59 years the average number of received and scanned drawings increased by 53%.
This trend indicators have daily average labor productivity (table. 15).

Table 15. Average labour productivity (drawings in leaves)
Age, years All study Group leaders
the number of investigated completed taken and tested the number of investigated completed taken and tested
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
67
118
89
44
28
0,3
0,8
1,5
1,3
2,2
1,1
1,4
2,1
1,7
2,6
-
24
27
24
10
-
0,13
0,10
0,22
0,20
-
2,28
2,47
2,09
of 2.51

The figure rises to 40 to 49 years, and then slightly decreased in the following age group and rises again in the past.
Somewhat different look indicators day productivity in group leaders. In their work prevail receiving and checking of drawings. Decrease) in pre-retirement group and the increase in pension similar to those in the group of the study. The indicators are relative, as the value is determined by the level of requirements in the establishment, characteristics and operating conditions and other factors.
With increasing age of 50-55 years, labor productivity grows regardless of position, especially for jobs requiring manufacturing experience. Some decrease in productivity observed in the pre-retirement group due to the weak persons, persons with poor health, sickly and with low efficiency.
Therefore, the operating entity of intellectual labor pension age usually perform more responsible jobs. They are still relatively high labour productivity at work as performing and testing Advisory nature. High performance working pensioners, obviously, are the result of some kind of professional natural selection taking place in the transition pension abroad, and the individual characteristics of these people.
When physical labor workers 40 years compared with 20-29 years, according to compare hourly productivity, there are more full use of the time on substantive and operational work and the reduction of operating and other breaks. Density download them higher.
According to C. N. Veselova (1973), nordici machine set and Telegraph operators of all ages, working in semi-automatic machines and apparatus of modern types, equally achieve high performance. However, during the work shift identified differences in productivity associated with age. So, Nordic 40-49 hourly labour productivity in the first half of the working day higher than that of 20-29 years, and in the second half below.