Features and achievements of the Soviet gynecology

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No matter how great was the desire of many of the above luminaries of science to the conversion of the whole system of health protection of mother and child, in conditions of tsarism they could not be carried out.
Only after the great October socialist revolution started new era in the development of obstetrics and gynecology. In the Soviet Union care of the woman-mother and her child was a national of the state.
Only in a socialist country was the ability to create a coherent system of protection of motherhood and childhood, based, like all Soviet medicine, on scientific principles of Marxism-Leninism and the principles of medical examination of the population, wide prevention, the achievements of modern science.
We will focus only on the main stages of this gigantic work. Suffice it to recall that before the Great October socialist revolution the case of obstetric care in Russia was in critical condition because the availability of obstetric beds amounted to only 2%. Now, as you know, we have almost one hundred percent coverage of inpatient care for every birth in the city and in the rural areas. After the great Patriotic war the huge network of obstetrics institutions, the number of obstetric beds, network consulting, serving women in urban and rural areas, not only completely restored, it has exceeded the pre-war level.
Sharply decreased maternal mortality and mortality of newborns.
In the Soviet Union obstetrics and gynecology in scientific development issues, and in practical carrying them out are, as in other sectors of the Soviet medicine, its distinctive features.
Promote the prevention of female diseases.
Considering the illness as a social phenomenon, the Soviet medicine from the beginning carries out practical activities based on the medical examination of the population.
Institutions designed to carry out medical examinations of the population, systematic observation and study of the conditions of work and life as causal factors in the incidence, with the aim of eliminating or reducing harmful effects of the environment on human health. The tasks of the medical examination should include measures to ensure proper physical development and prevention of disease and disability by appropriate preventive and treatment activities. All activities on medical examination of the population are conducted on the basis of wide involvement of the workers themselves in the activity of medical-sanitary institutions.
Prophylactic medical examination, the purpose of which is the prevention and early detection of diseases, contributes to the rapid rehabilitation of the population and thus is of great importance for the national economy in terms of the preservation of human resources. The main conditions for successful implementation of the clinical examination are: 1) the availability of qualified and specialized medical assistance for the population; 2) the existence of a common plan of work of all health organization; 3) introduction of the medical staff with the living conditions and the production of the broad masses of workers to establish the influence of the environment on morbidity; and 4) conducting a broad preventive measures on rehabilitation of the environment (working conditions, housing, nutrition, etc); 5) engaging the active participation of workers through involvement in the work on examination of the trade Union organizations, organs of insurance, labor protection authorities and other Dispensary service can be conducted in various forms both in relation to certain diseases - tuberculosis, venereal diseases, occupational diseases, etc., and for certain groups of preschool and school age, working adolescents, pregnant women and other
In order to promote more full realization of the medical examination of the population have held zoning Care, which United around the district medical institutions. Referred to the district centre combines medical and sanitary institutions of the district and has at its disposal an appropriate inspection apparatus.