Special signs

Special signs - specific personality anatomical or functional features. Identification of specific features of great importance in forensic medical and forensic practice for personal identification (see) living persons or corpses.
There are special signs of congenital, acquired during life (for various diseases, injuries, in connection with certain profession, and so on) and artificially induced. Special features include: a variety of abnormalities and malformations (underdevelopment or absence of individual body parts, strabismus, cleft lip and others); various skeletal deformities after an injury or disease (curvature of the spine or extremities, shortening of the limbs, deformation of the joints and others); of different origin scars (from mechanical damage, burns and others), warts, birthmarks, tattoos and other Tattoo due to its diversity and pronounced individuality are the most important in the identification. Various soluble dyes, introduced under the epidermis in the corium through Nikolov, fade with time, and this way of tattooing in a few years may disappear. Tattoo made insoluble ink (ink and soot), not spontaneously disappear and usually persist for a very long time, often for life. However, they can be removed by chemical, surgical or other ways; in their place is formed scar.
For identification of living persons and corpses distinctive features should be paid great attention. It is extremely important to identify the corpse at his putrid changes or charring special signs may be, however, difficult to see. Describing special signs, expert in its opinion should be noted exact location, color, shape, size, surface texture (smooth, rough), density, etc. Should, in particular, to describe in detail tattoo (text, image); description of scar - to characterize the degree of mobility, unity with the underlying tissues, the degree of tenutosi etc.