Care for sick otorhinolaryngologic

If ear infections (acute or chronic suppurative otitis) several times a day conduct thorough toilet ear. The ear canal wipe dry with cotton, and screw on the ear probe with meats, or gently washed with disinfectant solution (boric acid, potassium permanganate) with hundred-gramme syringe. When gnomechewer should enter turundas in the ear canal for 2-3 hours and replace it as hydration. To soften the crusts enter alkaline drops. After going to the toilet ear drops buried that should be warmed to body temperature, so as not to cause irritation of the maze (dizziness, nausea). To perform this procedure the patient should be put on the side, pull the ear backwards and upwards, pour a drop and leave the patient to lie 20-25 minutes after application of the ear warm compress in the centre napkins make a longitudinal incisionthrough which the ear output.
Powders used for blowing into his ear, nose or throat, must be dry, carefully crushed. The injection is done with the help of a special poroshkovaia.
Nose drops can be entered to the patient in a sitting position with head thrown back, but better in a patient on the back. The mucous membrane of the nasal cavity is irrigated better if the patient turns his head in the direction in which nostril enter drops. For introduction into the nose emulsion better to use a teaspoon; emulsion before the introduction of thin heating spoon.
During nasal bleeding is often necessary to make tamponade of the nasal cavity (see nosebleeds).
When assigning rinse throat (pharynx), it is important that the solution was warm (usually sufficient poloskani 3-5 a day for 4-5 days). When phlegmonously angina or zagadochnyh abscesses should be washed patient 's mouth, if he cannot do it himself.
For inhalation better to use an inhaler, but if not, you can breathe the steam from the pot off the fire. Avoid burn couples fail to his mouth through the funnel of the folded paper. The duration of the inhalation 5-15 minutes, depending on the General condition of the patient.
Removal of foreign bodies trapped in the respiratory tract, ear, throat,see Foreign body.
Require special care patients after operations tracheotomy (see) and laryngoplasty. Tracheotomies the receiver should be cleaned at regular intervals; to do this, take out the inner tube, clean and boil it. The skin around the stoma to prevent irritation, paving clean cloth and, if necessary, on top of napkins - the oilcloth. The node from the tie that secures the neck of the tube must be on the side of the neck in order to avoid bedsores. You cannot do site bow: he may be untied, a strong current of air when coughing out the tube, and arose again, choking. You can not remove the outer tracheotomies tube before the fifth - seventh day after the operation, has not yet formed a stoma, so as to insert the phone back is extremely difficult. One of the most serious complications after tracheotomy is a subcutaneous emphysema (see).
After the operation in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses to reduce swelling of the face in the early days put an ice pack.
When caring for patients after surgery on the throat of the need to monitor the outflow of saliva, proper diet.