Acid poisoning

Poisoning of sulphuric, nitric, hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), hydrochloric acids are rare, usually wrong when administered, usually in a state of alcoholic intoxication. Sulfuric acid is widely used in industry, laboratories and at home. Pure sulfuric acid - transparent, colorless oily liquid. Untreated (kuporosnoj oil) - brownish liquid. There are inhalation and oral poisoning. Nitric acid is used in fertilizer production, printing, dyeing industry. Available in the form of weak (50-60 %) solution and concentrated 96-98 % solution. Nitric acid is a strong oxidant. Poisoning are inhalation and oral. Hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid is used to etch glass, engraving, production of fertilizers and matches. Technical hydrofluoric acid contains 40-70 % hydrogen fluoride. Due to ion fluoride is highly toxic. Poisoning observed when administered. Hydrochloric acid is widely used in production of medical practice. Poisoning occur by ingestion and inhalation of vapours.
Fatal doses of concentrated acids and ingestion: sulfuric acid - 5-10 ml; nitric acid - 8-10 ml; hydrochloric (hydrochloric acid - 15-20 ml In the study of the corpses of people who have died from acute toxicity of inorganic acids, find burns the lips, face (during draining acid), tongue, mucous membrane of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus and stomach. Depending on the type of acid these burns are somewhat different in its coloring: when you burn sulfuric acid they blackish, nitrogen - yellow, hydrochloric - grayish. Found also defeats of a number of internal organs, particularly the liver and kidneys.