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Poisoning with alcohol substitutes and technical liquids

Acetone (dimethylketone) - a colourless liquid with a characteristic smell. Mixes well with water; soluble in organic solvents. Is good solvent for many substances. Acute poisoning possible inhalation of vapours in high concentration and ingestion. Taken by mouth often inadvertently, sometimes in a condition of alcoholic intoxication. Recently some widespread substance abuse by bringing yourself in a state of intoxication with acetone vapor. Most often, this means apply searching euphoria alcoholics and drug addicts.
Lethal dose oral poisoning varies between 60-75 Jr. Toxic effect significantly increases the reception of acetone in a mixture with organochlorine and other organic substances because of the possibility of the formation of highly toxic substances - chloroacetone and bromoacetone. The nature of toxic action acetone applies to drugs. Affects various parts of CNS actively inhibits the oxidizing enzymes. Excreted from the body through the lungs, kidneys and skin.
Oral poisoning appear nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, in severe cases, after a few minutes loss of consciousness occurs. Notes cyanosis of the skin and mucous membranes, tendon reflexes are absent, eyes narrowed not react to light, from the mouth smell of acetone. Already the 45-60 minutes after taking the liquid can stop breathing. In severe cases, death can occur within 6 - 12 h after administration of the fluid.
Acute severe inhalation poisoning can occur when the content of acetone in the air 0.003 g/l - loss of consciousness, convulsions, kidney damage, vision problems, sharp increase of concentration of sugar in the blood.
At showdown note stagnant plethora of internal organs, pulmonary edema, membranes and the brain, dark tarry blood in the cavities of the heart and large vessels.
Dichloromethane is used as a solvent and an extractant as an insecticide and fungicide, household - cleaning service and other purposes. Ingestion 20 ml dichloroethane picture of the causes severe poisoning, often result in fatalities.
The nature of the clinical picture of poisoning depends on the dose of poison and ways of receipt. In 10-15 min after the ingestion of one or a few SIPS of dichloroethane (10-12 ml or more) are marked complained of headache, sweet taste in the mouth, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, wobbly gait, pain in epigastralna area and the right hypochondrium. Subsequently develops a coma and in severe poisoning death (coma often develops after receiving 50 ml and more dichloroethane). Killed about half poisoned dichloroethane.
Diagnosis of poisoning dichloroethane is based on the clinical picture of poisoning, there is a specific smell dichloroethane breath and vomitus, chemical research wash water, vomit, blood, urine, data autopsy and forensic chemical definition of poison in the bodies of the dead.
To establish poisoning other chlorinated hydrocarbons are using the same methods. For forensic chemical research is desirable to take adipose tissue.