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Responsibility of medical workers

Sanitary-epidemiological welfare of our country and its population is ensured by a complex of sanitary-hygienic and sanitary-anti-epidemic measures, whose integral part is the specific rules, instructions and guidance on the prevention of the spread of epidemic and other contagious diseases. The medical staff (or by other persons, for example, heads of enterprises) of these rules if it entailed or could result in the spread of epidemic and other contagious diseases, and is a crime under the senior 222 of the criminal code of the RSFSR.
St. 224 of the criminal code of the RSFSR stipulates criminal responsibility for violation of rules of production, storage, release, accounting, transportation, delivery narcotic, strong and poisonous substances. This crime can be committed intentionally or recklessly (negligence). Pharmaceutical workers, medical stores and pharmacies, as well as doctors and nurses, if they violate these rules, become the subjects of a crime and subject to criminal prosecution.
For official crimes, violating the normal activity of the Soviet state and social system and thereby causes substantial harm to the interests of the state and individual citizens, are: the abuse of power or position (article 170 of the criminal code of the RSFSR), abuse of authority or official powers (article 171 of the criminal code of the RSFSR), negligence (article 172 of the criminal code of the RSFSR), bribery (article 173 of the criminal code of the RSFSR), forgery.
The subjects of crimes by officials - officials, i.e. persons who are representatives of authorities, performing organizational-administrative or administrative-economic functions.
With respect to medical staff officers are the heads of the departments of health (opticopapillary) and their deputies, heads of departments of these bodies, chief physicians and their deputies, heads of departments, pharmacies, primary and senior nurses. Ordinary doctors are not an officer in the legal sense, except for the duty of the doctors, as well as in cases when the doctor prepare and submit such documents as a sick leave certificates, certificates of disability, certificates giving the right to benefits or exemption (for example, from military duty), and makes decisions about admission and direction for the sanatorium-resort treatment. All malfeasance, except for negligence, committed through direct willfulness for mercenary or other personal interest.
Abuse of office (article 170 of the criminal code of the RSFSR) is the use by an official of his official position, their rights and obligations contrary to the interests of the service, resulting state or public interests or to the rights and interests of citizens caused substantial harm.
Forgery ( article 175 of the criminal code of the RSFSR) is, introduction by an official for mercenary or other motives in the official documents of obviously false data, fake or Erasure, as well as the drafting and issuing of fake documents.
Health workers, particularly doctors, by the nature of their professional activity often have to draw up and issue official documents (medical history, sick leave certificates, birth certificates and death and others). In the preparation and issuance of such documents, medical workers act as an official. Falsification of medical documents, if it caused substantial harm, constitutes corpus delicti, provided for senior 175 of the criminal code of the RSFSR.