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Responsibility of medical workers

Below are some examples of negligence of doctors to their duties according to the materials of the investigation and judicial practice: 1) failure to comply with mandatory diagnostic tests for suspected illness or injury; 2) negligence when carrying out laboratory or x-ray studies (e.g. radiography one limb instead of another); 3) negligence when carrying out medical activities (injection of one drug for another; subcutaneous administration of a substance instead of intravenously; transfusion infogruppy the blood as a result of negligence when determining blood groups of the recipient and the donor; overdose of drugs and other); 4) the negligence when carrying out resuscitation and if the care of postoperative patients; 5) unreasonable refusal in admission, premature release of medical branch is fully healed the sick; 6) negligent keeping of medical documentation; 7) negligence at observance sanitary-hygienic regulations (unsanitary condition procedural, dressing, operating rooms, hospital rooms, careless sterilization of instruments and surgical linen, and others).
When negligence, expressed in a grossly negligent medical assistance allowed by the doctor who is not an officer, and when as a consequence, the death of the patient or other grave consequences for him, liability for committing the relevant crime against the person (for example, when one patient died due to incorrectly or later through the fault of the doctor held surgery doctor prosecuted under Art. 106 of the criminal code of the RSFSR for negligent homicide).
At occurrence of criminal cases on bringing health workers to responsibility for illegal actions in connection with their professional activities and the investigation of these cases and the criminal-legal assessment of challenges caused by the specifics of professional medical activity.
Not always an adverse outcome diagnosis or treatment is the result of the medical interference (or interference). For a finding of guilt or innocence of medical worker in each particular case to establish a causal connection of the action or inaction with consequences on the health and life of humans.
Naturally, representatives of the investigation and trial are not always able to establish the correctness and timeliness of diagnosis, the correctness of the choice and implementation of a method of treatment, there is a direct causal link between an act or omission of the medical professional and the coming of harmful consequences for the patient. To address these and other items of interest the investigation and the court appointed a forensic examination. Given the complexity and responsibility of these examinations, instruction on the conduct of forensic examination in the USSR provides that the examination should be conducted in Moscow, Leningrad, centers Union republics, regional centers, necessarily commissions of several forensic experts and highly qualified doctors-clinical physicians, have academic degrees and titles or great experience and work experience. The peculiarity of conduct such examinations is that for an expert study submitted, as a rule, the materials of the investigation and judicial Affairs, a component of which are the originals of medical documents (maps out-patient and in-patient, operational logs, sick leave certificates, x-ray, electrocardiogram and others), protocols autopsy or forensic research bodies, interrogation of medical workers and other witnesses! texts of official statements and instructions that were to guide health workers at carrying out of medical-diagnostic activities.