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Responsibility of medical workers

Medical workers, representatives of the most humane profession, honestly and selflessly fulfill their honorable to the Soviet state and the workers.
However, among the million-strong army of the Soviet health workers are individuals who violate their professional duty and hurting their illegal actions harm to society or to the health and lives of people.
In these cases we are talking about offences committed by health care professionals. These are violations of medical staff, in the discharge of their professional duties, legal norms and Regulations (orders, instructions and orders of the Ministry of health of the USSR and Union republics), aimed at protecting life and health of the person.
In article 17 of the "Bases of the legislation of the USSR and Union republics on healthcare recorded that medical workers who violate professional duties, "bear established by the legislation discipline, if these violations are not punishable under the law of criminal responsibility".
Offences are unlawful actions (or inaction)of detrimental to socialist society, committed with the direct or indirect willfulness or by negligence.
According to the degree of harm caused to public offences are divided into crimes and misdemeanors.
Crime is envisaged in the criminal code of socially dangerous act (action or inaction)committed intentionally or recklessly and caused significant damage to the state, public interests or to the legally protected rights and interests of citizens.
Because the life and health of citizens shall be protected by law, thus, causing significant harm to the life or health of citizens is a crime. Persons who have committed crimes are prosecuted. Offences health workers, while not frequent, but harm not only the state and public order, rights and interests of citizens, but also the credibility and prestige of the medical service.
In accordance with articles of the criminal code of the RSFSR criminal code and other Union republics) health workers who have committed crimes in connection with his professional activity, can be held criminally liable for crimes against life and health (article 106, 114, 116, 128 of the criminal code of the RSFSR), for crimes against public health (article 222, 224, 225, 226 of the criminal code of the RSFSR), for malfeasance (senior 170, 171, 172, 173, and 175 of the criminal code of the RSFSR) and individual economic crimes (senior 1562 criminal code of the RSFSR).
The violations referred to as all other offences which have caused significant harm than crime. Violations will result in disciplinary and administrative responsibility.
Misconduct can be of three kinds: 1) administrative - encroaching on state or public order, in the established procedure (for example, violations of sanitary norms, passport regime, the rules of the military account, the management of the institution, including medical, and other). For committing such offences provides for administrative punishment in the form of a fine up to 50 roubles, correctional labor for up to 2 months in administrative detention for up to 15 days;
2) the disciplinary wrongful violation of labor discipline. Such acts entail disciplinary liability in the form of comments, reprimand, severe reprimand, transfer to lower-paid jobs for up to 3 months, the referral of a public organization or a friendly court, dismissal;
3) civil offenses - non-fulfillment of obligations stipulated by the civil code (CC), the housing code (LC), as well as causing damage to health or property of another person. Liability for civil wrongs comes in the form of monetary compensation (for example, for causing harm to the patient due to wrong treatment for the damage to property hospitals and others).