The treatment of burns in animals

The burns treatment of animals is one of the difficult and less developed problems in veterinary surgery.
Defining the essence of burns, many authors until recently considered this type of injury as a local process. So, Fabrice Gilden in her book, published in 1607 year, writes the following: "Burn is a violation of the integrity of the epidermis, the skin and muscle meat, veins, arteries, nerves, caused by the power of fire." I. G. of Rufanov calls burn the tissue damage caused by high temperature (thermal burns) or chemicals (chemical burns).
A similar definition burns there and in the veterinary literature. So, B. M. Olive characterizes burns as "local tissue damage resulting from the influence of physical agents - high heat, radiant heat or electric power.
As you can see, these definitions burn injuries mean it narrowly local character, they did not address the deep dysfunction of almost all organs and systems, which develop in the affected body.
Based on Paul's teaching, B. N. Postnikov treats burns of the skin "...not only as local tissue damage, but as a General severe disease of the whole body, arising by mediation through the nervous system in the result of the impact on the organism thermal or chemical irritant. Once begun, the process by type multicomponent chain reaction can develop, evolve and without further participation caused his origins.
Thus, burns should be considered as heavy common disease, accompanied by disorder of the functions of different organs and systems, especially the Central nervous system.
In peacetime in animals burns are most often during the fires in the livestock buildings, and also for rail and road transport. Thus, besides lesions of the skin, can be burns of respiratory organs, especially the upper respiratory tract, inhalation of hot air. Such lesions occur very difficult, because usually impaired respiratory function and quickly comes asphyxia due to the developing of edema of the larynx and trachea. In these cases, animals should be done early in the tracheotomy. With extensive fires a deficit of oxygen in the air that are also not indifferent to the animal organism, as well as relief and rescue operations. When the fires on the transport burns often complicated by various injuries as a result of accidents and improper discharge of animals.
In wartime burns in animals result from light radiation of nuclear explosion, as well as the use by the enemy of different incendiary substances and combustible mixtures, the combustion temperature which 800-3000 degrees and more.

  • Light radiation of nuclear explosion
  • Incendiary substances and combustible mixture
  • The clinical course of thermal burns
  • Local changes in burn injury
  • General changes in burn injury

  • The pathogenesis of burn disease
    As a result of exposure to high temperature in the tissues of the animal is excessive irritation of the huge number of nerve receptors, leading to pererastaet and excite the Central nervous system with its subsequent depletion. This makes logical coming disorders of the nervous and endocrine regulation of the activities of all organs and systems of an animal organism. Developing subsequently intoxication exacerbates all pathological processes. Thus, develops severe common disease - burn disease with the disorder of the functions of various organs and systems.
  • Changes in hemodynamics
  • Violation of protein metabolism
  • Carbohydrate metabolism
  • Violation of the mineral exchange
  • Infringement of oxidative processes

  • Diagnostics and forecasting burns

  • Treatment of burn injuries
  • Rendering first medical aid
  • General treatment burned
    Treatment burnt animals in all cases should be complex and, first of all, to include measures aimed at relieving pain and eliminate irritation of the Central nervous system, normalization of hemodynamics and metabolism, umerennie toxemia and prevention of septicotoxemia. Only when a significant weakening of the General phenomena possible to start active local treatment.
  • Pain
  • Fighting toxaemia
  • The normalization of hemodynamics and metabolism
  • Fighting septicotoxemia
  • Local treatment for burns
  • Taking flap for transplantation
  • Taking subepidermal flap
  • Taking Epidermophyton flap
  • The capture of full-thickness flap
  • The consolidation of the grafts on granulating surface
  • Transplantation of small pieces of skin
  • Strengthening of pieces of skin in the granulation

  • Veterinary-sanitary examination of meat burnt animals
  • 2 3 4 5 6