Memory disorders

Memory disorders - reduction or loss of the ability of storing, preserving and reproduction of stocks of memory. Memory disorders are divided into gimnazii (weakness memory), amnesia (no memory) and paramnesia (deceptions memory).
If gimnazii deteriorating current information, first names, numbers, definitions, especially in the conditions that require a quick response. The memories are impoverished details of events, reduced forgotten their sequence and Dating.
There are amnesia: retrograde amnesia - loss of memory completely or partially events of the days, months and even years immediately preceding this disease; anterograde amnesia - loss of memory for hours, days, weeks all events immediately following diseases; reproduction amnesia - the inability to recall at the right time to the desired name, number, date, determination; fixing amnesia - the impossibility of storing current events; progressive amnesia - the loss of the ability of remembering and gradually increasing devastation memory resources occurring in sequence - first of all lost recently acquired a stock of memory (events of recent years), later start to fade reserves memory of the distant past (middle age of youth, childhood) and finally disappear reserves the memory of the whole of his past life.
Paramnesia are divided into confabulario (false memories) and cryptomnesia (distortion memory). When confabulate actual events are forgotten, and their place is filled with lies. The latter may relate to everyday issues and domestic events of the current life, can have a fantastic content, and in some cases (in the elderly) exhausted the subject of their childhood and youth - amnesticheskim confabulate. Intensely expressed and long-existing fantastic subjects of confabulario called konfabulator. Here is usually observed or that the degree of elevated mood. Memory disorders often small. Cryptomnesia - distortion memory, which read, seen in a dream or heard seems to patients experienced by them in reality.
The combination of the fixation of amnesia, retrograde amnesia and confabulate forms Korsakov syndrome. Under him, the patients are disoriented in space, time, and those around them. Characterized by weakness, fatigue, exhaustion. The mood is often tinged with euphoria and carelessness. Despite the sharp changes of memory are saved previously acquired knowledge, often up to complicated.
Memory disorders characterized primarily for different organic diseases of the Central nervous system. Treatment of the underlying disease.