Epidemic parotitis (mumps)

Parotitis (mumps, mumps) is an inflammation of the parotid salivary glands. Mumps is a common infection caused by a specific virus. The defeat of the parotid and other salivary glands should be considered as the most frequent manifestation of the disease. Somewhat less involved in the process and other glandular organs and nervous system.
The disease is characterized by fever, malaise and inflammatory swelling of the parotid, rarely also other salivary glands. Under the ear appears significant swelling, aching with the feeling. The appearance of the patient considerably distorted, and to some extent justifies the name "mumps". The disease lasts, on average, about 7-8 days. For it may burden ourselves with the development of inflammation of the meninges, the serous meningitis, having, as a rule, benign course. Occasionally develop and more severe lesions of the nervous system (encephalitis) and of the organ of hearing with the subsequent reception of deafness.
In adolescents and young men in 10-30% of cases there is an inflammation of the testes, or orchitis. There is defeated and other bodies. Thus, mumps cannot be regarded (and many do) as a harmless disease.
Therefore, you should not ignore prevention, able to protect children (especially weak) from Contracting the infection.
Patient with infectious parotitis to 9-th day of illness and this term is subject to isolation. Insulation is provided at home and only in severe illness or poor domestic conditions in the hospital.
Infection from patient is mainly airborne and less often by contaminated by saliva of the patient utensils, toys and other items, if they are within a very short period of moving to a healthy child. The greatest susceptibility to this disease is observed at the age from 5 to 15 years. Young children, especially in the first year of life, sick relatively rare. Mumps can ill and adults, especially in the age of 25.
Children under the age of 10, communicate with patients with mumps and earlier they are not ill, are dividing and are not allowed in children's institutions within the maximum period the incubation period is 21 days. Weakened children to communicate with patients, at the discretion of the physician from prevention to give gamma globulin.
Russian scientists cooked alive protivoprotosana vaccine. The vaccine is made intradermally or subcutaneously (one shot). The incidence among vaccinated compared with unvaccinated is reduced in 10 times and more. The implementation of this vaccination in wide practice is complicated by the fact that nowadays young children are immunized against many infections. Each new vaccine is alarming overload the child's body immunization drugs. Seeking ways Association protivoprotosanoe vaccine with other widely used vaccine preparations.