Pasteurellosis

Pasteurellosis (synonym haemorrhagic septicaemia) is an infectious disease related to the group of zoonoses, occurring mainly as septic disease.
The causative agent of pasteurellosis - Pasteurella - short, with rounded edges wand, devoid of flagella and not forming a dispute. In the external environment pathogen unstable; die when temperature -45 degrees.
The disease meets in different species of domestic and wild animals and birds. Person contracts pasteurellosis in contact with sick animals, and also through the bites of animals (cats, dogs, rabbits and other damage to the skin. With the penetration of microbes in the human body through broken skin arise abscesses and phlegmons in subcutaneous adipose tissue. You can defeat bones and joints. At hit of the germ in the body through the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract pasteurellosis proceeds as a septic disease with high fever, arthritis, inflammation. May develop pneumonia, bronchiectasis, empyema, enteritis, conjunctivitis, meningitis, sinusitis, otitis.
Laboratory diagnostics. With the aim of identifying the pathogen produces crops of blood, sputum, exudates, taken from the patient, on a nutrient medium with the blood, and prepare smears for microscopic examination, infect white mice, rabbits, pigeons.
Treatment of pasteurellosis: penicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline in common dosages. When local lesions surgical treatment. The prognosis is favorable.
Prevention is to conducting the veterinary-sanitary measures and precautions are in contact with sick animals.

Pasteurellosis (pastereullosis; synonym haemorrhagic septicaemia) is a disease found in different species of animals and birds. The causative agent of pasteurellosis are bacteria of the genus Pasteurella SEM. Brucellaceae with pathogenicity to many species of animals and birds (see Pasteurella). Pasteurellosis proceeds as acute and chronic infection with an incubation period of 1 to 9 days. The disease is accompanied with septicemia, symptoms of upper respiratory tract and enteritis. The severity of disease of the same species may be different. Along with clinically severe cases often erased form. Widespread presence of bacilli.
The source of infection for humans are often large and small cattle, pigs, rabbits and poultry. Infection occurs through contact with animals. The duration of the incubation period, as the duration of the disease, is uncertain. Characteristic local lesions in the form of abscesses and phlegmon in subcutaneous adipose tissue. In some cases, developing osteomyelitis. Sometimes the disease occurs in the form of pneumonia or is manifested by symptoms of conjunctivitis or enteritis. The diagnosis is based on clinical and epidemiological data and the results of bacteriological researches of purulent discharge.
For TB symptoms and antibiotics, most of streptomycin in usual dosage.
Prevention of pasteurellosis is based on veterinary and sanitary measures. With the appearance of disease among animals is recommended to change grazing and watering. Sick animals is introduced protivopedikuleznoe serum therapeutic doses and vaccination of the herd. The meat of sick animals to eat person is not allowed. During the care of animals are observed precautions (except eating and Smoking during work, disinfection of clothing and footwear, hand washing, provision of boiled water).