The complex pathogenetic functional treatment and medical physical culture

Complex treatment is called simultaneous use of different individually chosen means and methods of treatment, providing General and local effects on the body in accordance with the diagnosis and functional status of the patient. Complex treatment includes: laying patient treatment mode, rational nutrition, medication, physiotherapy and balneotherapy, medical physical culture and psychotherapy, mechanotherapy, massage therapy and occupational therapy, special methods of treatment (surgical rentgenoterapevticheskie and others).
All kinds of treatment depends on the diagnosis, General condition of the patient and are appointed by the attending physician in accordance with the characteristics of the disease. Rational nutrition provides patients full-calorie, vitamin-rich food.
Drug treatment is the use of drugs for influence on the organism as a whole or mainly on its separate systems and organs.
In physiotherapy are used as a natural factors of nature (sunlight, air, water, mud)or artificial means (electric current, radiation energy, sources of light, ultrasound, thermal procedures).
In balneotherapy use of mineral water (inside or in the form of baths).
Mechanotherapy based on strictly organized and controlled movements performed using a specially designed vehicles.
Treatment labor processes (occupational therapy) is an active method of restoring the body's overall health and function of the affected organ or system.
Psychotherapy is the impact on the psyche of a patient environment, medical institutions, positive emotions, friendly attitude of the medical personnel, suggestions and discussions that fosters confidence in the recovery.
Therapeutic physical training is combined with all the listed elements of a comprehensive treatment at the departments of therapy, traumatology, neurology, surgery, etc., In most cases, therapeutic gymnastics combined with therapeutic massage, which can be considered as passive gymnastics skin, peripheral nerves, blood vessels and muscles. Massage can have a General effect on the organism and local massaged area. It strengthens the muscles, tendons, joints, improves blood and lymph circulation, normalization of the nervous system, metabolism, respiration and excretion.
Description of standard treatment regimes. Under therapeutic regimes understand the totality of events that create the most favorable conditions for treatment of patients and increase the body's resistance to adverse factors. The contents of treatment is determined by the schedule and volume of motor activity of the patient, i.e. the motor mode.
In treatment-and-prophylactic institutions (hospital, clinic, hospital, a rehabilitation unit or dispensary) appointed the following kinds of motor mode: strict bed, bed lightweight, pruposely free.
Strict bed rest is appointed to ensure the patient full of peace; he is not allowed yourself to turn and run movements in large joints; food and toilet are carried out with the help of staff.
When bed facilitation allowed to turn around and sit up in bed, to perform movements of the limbs, independently eat; toilet is carried out by medical personnel.
Pruposely mode implies that the patient half day time lying down, and half-sitting, walking through the house, on the procedure and in the toilet.
In a free mode sick almost all the daytime holds sitting, standing, walking.
In sanatoriums, rest homes and care homes are appointed following the motive modes: gentle, sparing-training (tonic), training.
When sparing mode application of physical exercises corresponds free regime in the hospital. Resolved walking within sanatorium, walking. However, half the time the patient must spend in the sitting position.
Sparing-training (tonic) mode assumes the opportunity to participate in excursions, mass entertainment, games, dances, walks in the surrounding area of the sanatorium.
Training mode - more advanced: resolved long walks (close tourism) and participation in all events held in these hospitals.
The physical exercises are done in the original provisions shown for the patient in each particular mode.