Pentoses

Pentoses (formula C5N10O5 - a group of monosaccharides molecules containing five atoms of carbon, for example ribose, deoxyribose. Some pentoses are part of a number of biologically important compounds, such as nucleic acids, nucleotides, respiratory enzymes and others, are involved in the metabolism and the processes of photosynthesis.
Cm. also Monosaccharides.

Pentose - monosaccharides, the molecule of which consists of 5 carbon atoms. There are Alcobendas and klopitsy, depending on the availability in the molecule, respectively aldehyde or ketone group. Pentoses soluble in water, sweet taste. Some representatives of the pentose are part of a number of biologically important compounds. Ribose and deoxyribose are part of nucleic acids and nucleotides. Ribose, in addition, is a component of flavins and nicotinamide coenzymes. Phosphorylated ribose, ribulose, celulosa are intermediates pantotenova cycle. An important role belongs to postpartum in the processes of photosynthesis.
Cm. also Monosaccharides.