The history of Transplantology

Transplantology is a relatively young branch of medicine. Below is the reasoning doctors 50 years ago and the story about his first experiments transplantation of organs in animals.

Imagine that a surgeon would be able to transplant healthy body at the place of the patient or lost: how many new opportunities to save man, to prolong his life would open before the medicine!
Is it possible to transplant organs from one organism to another? In plants and lower animals such transplant easily succeed. For a very long time used and are of enormous practical importance transplantation and splice (vaccinations) in plants. In the literature on gardening described about 150 ways of vaccination (or direct) from one plant to another.
I. Century Michurin was widely used method of vaccination as one of the main ways to develop new varieties of fruit trees. However, he observed that vaccinated part has a significant impact on the entire plant. For example, he was crusial branches of young pears and young lemon. The result of the experience was very interesting: the leaves of pear changed its color, became darker, covered with glossy coating, increased in thickness. In autumn the leaves of pear is not falling, as it usually happens, and remained from year to year fresh, like lemon. The same results I. Century Michurin received during joint lemon with quince.
The influence of one body to another at their merger, as will be shown below, is peculiar not only the plant, but also the animal world.

  • Splicing and transplantation of parts of the body from the lower animals
  • Transplantation of organs and tissues in cold-blooded animals
  • Transplantation of the higher animals and man
  • Experiments on transplantation of vital organs and body parts
  • Heart transplantation
  • Transplantation of kidneys and other internal organs
  • Transplantation front or back half of the body
  • About the revival of organs taken from the corpse