Therapeutic physical training in diseases and injuries of the peripheral nervous system

Diseases of the peripheral nerves - neuritis - develop as a result of traumatic injury (most often), inflammation, infection (diphtheria, viral influenza and other), avitaminosis (lack of vitamin B1-disease beriberi), intoxication (alcohol, lead and others) and metabolic (diabetes). To neuritis include: neuritis of the facial nerve; on the upper limb - neuritis radiation, median and ulnar nerves; lower extremity peripheral neuropathy point of buttock, thigh, peroneal and tibial nerves. Diseases of the peripheral nervous system, depending on the involvement of those or other areas of the nerve pathways include: sciatica (inflammation of the roots), plexitis (inflammation plexus), polinevrita (inflammation of multiple trunks), and other polyradiculoneuritis
Clinically traumatic peripheral nerve injuries (concussion nerve injury, complete or partial interruption of nerve trunk) are manifested in different ways. Disruption of nerve disturbed function of a limb, but the movement is restored relatively quickly-within 2-4 weeks. When nerve injury is squeezing or partially ruptured his trunk, which leads to a more pronounced and prolonged disorders, pain syndrome, a disorder of the sensitivity, decrease muscle tone or muscle atrophy. Complete or partial interruption of nerve trunk is a heavy defeat and is accompanied by loss of functions, quick coming innervated muscles atrophy and reduced muscle tone all the limbs, disorders of sensitivity. The complete rupture of the peripheral nerve is surgery - stitching nerve. Traumatic neuritis may occur after fracture (mechanical damage to the bone atomcom), gunshot wounds, wound healing rough scar, compressing the nerve trunk.
When neuritis from any cause violation occurs, blood and lymph circulation, nutrition, metabolism in tissues innervated by the struck nerve. Come congestion (swelling) and impaired excretion of metabolic products. All this reduces the overall tone of the organism, reduces its resistance, causes weakness, fatigue, malaise.
The major clinical manifestation of toxic and traumatic lesions peripheral nerves are disorders of the motor function (paresis, and paralysis), for recovery requiring daily multiple (6-8 times a day) training with the help of physical exercises neuromuscular apparatus damaged area.
Peripheral paralysis be likely to be sluggish and are accompanied by muscle atrophy with reduction or complete disappearance of the tendon reflexes, decreased muscle tone, skin disorder sensitivity and require fixing of bandages (in order to prevent contractures, vicious provisions brush, feet, hanging down corner of the mouth).
Treatment of disorders of the peripheral nerves complex. In addition to timely surgical intervention (stitching nerve), mandatory blending fixing of bandages shows the early appointment of medical physical training and massage. Special attention is paid to massage and movements of the muscles above the site of the damage, in order to reduce or prevent rapid onset muscle atrophy. Very effective therapeutic physical training in the water. It is obligatory to apply physiotherapy and medical treatment. Restoring a damaged peripheral nerves comes slowly - not earlier than 8 months from the disease.
Therapeutic physical training is assigned to the 2nd day after the defeat peripheral nerve at all traumatic and inflammatory processes. Dramatically expressed pain syndrome and severe General condition of medical physical culture is appointed after removal of this condition and the relief of pain.