Pharmacomania - "disease" serious: what and how to treat?

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Very often we meet with a kind of "idol" ekzogennye (orientation exclusively on external influence). The idea of the external factor as the main cause of the disease is inherited by us from the primeval medicine, from the priests of ancient and shamans of the various tribes. This idea turned out to be very tenacious of life, and in the "armor" Latin term is still lives and reigns in the minds of not only patients, but also doctors. Yes, it is incredibly simple, persuasive and "practicality": my hands before eating, don't get dysentery, don't eat eggs - no atherosclerosis, restrict themselves in the Sahara - no diabetes... Over its long history, medicine knew a lot of "scapegoats" different "miasms" and contagie, radiation and evaporation, waves and magnetic storms.
A new wave of ekzogennye with special force rose in the XIX century - the era of "great bacterianas" Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. Place the abstract external "miasma" took a very real and visible in the microscope bacteria pathogens. The enthusiasm reached, that it was enough to find in the body of any germ, as there is "everything was clear": he is the cause of all fevers and plagues. In thinking not only of infectionists, therapists, surgeons, but epidemiologists bacteria, and later viruses overshadowed everything. Recalled the distant and terrible years past, when in the middle of the XIV century, the black death (plague) as serpent dragon swept through Europe, having its population by 25% (about 26 million lives).
25 June 1527 Paracelsus publicly burned the books of Hippocrates, Galen, Avicenna, calling them "the great charlatans" medicine, taught that the physician should know not only that affects a person, but those internal natural forces in the organism, which perceive this impact. "Do not believe them, " said Paracelsus before the astonished crowd of students,for sickness is a weed in the body, which must be found and to root out!"
And began the search for "weeds". 200 years later, in XVIII century, this resulted in localities concept medicine: weed (illness) is the favourite places; it should seek, to find and neutralize; disease is the nest of a bird of prey, woven in the favorite place.
However, thoughtless, but practical ekzogennye in the thinking of doctors always resisted the idea activity (reactivity) the living. "English Hippocrates - doctor Thomas Sydenham in the XVII century timidly put forward as the main principle of healing provisions on the place of least resistance in the body as the cause of the disease and its pathological localization. The disease, Sidengama, connected not only with external power, but with the state of the organism resistance (reactivity). Every disease has its own "face", his favorite "residence". The apparent diversity of diseases originated the doctrine of nosology (the doctrine of diseases, part of pathology), and this could not contribute to escalations diagnosis, which in itself had considerable value in the art of healing. Books of Sidengama nobody burned, but his views were appreciated by contemporaries as the theory of "the old days", as he called for a careful reading of the writings of Hippocrates, and Avicenna. There is still "the reactivity of the living"?! Man is a machine, and the disease is its failure caused by external forces.
However, as you say in the XIX century, on this machine affects not only power, but also virulence factor (bacteria). By the end of localizationism in medicine XIX century was hepatocellular pathology Rudolf Virchow - building a great and ambitious: a disease of the whole is the sum of disease cells.
In XVI century of the existence of microbes anything ever known, but purely empirically discovered a remedy for syphilis: a patient was fumigated mercury vapor. From South America to Europe brought the Cinchona bark, "those who were casting" malaria, and only much later was installed causal mechanism of action Hina on Plasmodium malaria.