Phenobarbital (Phenobarbitalum; synonymous with luminal; list B) - sedative, derivative of barbituric acid. Phenobarbital has also a sedative and anticonvulsant effect. Assign inside as sleeping pills to 0.1-0.2 g for 1-1,5 hours before sleep; sleep duration of 6-8 h. As a sedative phenobarbital used to 0,01 - 0,05 g 2-3 times a day; for the treatment of epilepsy - 0,1-0,5 g per day long. Higher doses inside: single - 0.2 g; daily 0.5, method of production: powder, tablets of 0.05 and 0.1, See also, Sleeping pills, anti-Convulsants.