Pioneer camp

pioneer campPioneer camp in the Soviet Union - the mass educational and health institutions, created by the state, trade unions, collective farms and other organizations for children from 7 to 15 years. Tickets to the pioneer camp are given free or discounted at the expense of the social insurance. For pioneer camps are selected plots 5-8 ha near green when there is convenient message with the supply base and medical institutions.
In pioneer camps usually provides the following accommodation: dormitories or canvas tents, placed in the centre of the plot, with a gap between them 20-25 meters On each pupil is provided not less than 3 m2 area of sleeping rooms. Also in this area are playgrounds (3 m2 on each pupil), a washroom (1 cone 10 children), the toilet (1 point for 20 children) for boys and girls separately. In pioneer camps provided the medical station for inspection of children and isolator based 2-3 beds for every 100 children. Necessarily equipped playgrounds for pioneer range, sports games and club building for group work. Dining room (the rate of not less than 0.75 m2 on 1 student) is not more than 100 - 150 m from the dormitories. Obshestva caloric intake in pioneer camps 3000 kcal, with the following distribution of the daily diet of: 25% - Breakfast, 40% - lunch, 15% - afternoon, 20% - dinner.
Pioneer camp are typically 150 - 350 children. For each child, departing in the camp, populated district, school doctor or medical assistant medical card, which recorded information on infectious diseases, vaccinations.
All personnel working in the camp, is undergoing medical examination at germ-carriers. The doctor or nurse traveling to camp with children, carry out preventive examination. Upon arrival at the camp routine inspection is repeated. Depending on age, health condition and physical development of the children are divided into groups. For each age group is set to the mode of the day with the correct alternation games, sports, leisure. The children's doctor and nurse pioneer camp monitor the health of children, their physical development, implementation established in the camp sanitary-and-hygienic mode, ensure the implementation of sanitary and anti-epidemic measures. Nurse camp monitor sanitary conditions of food blocks, quality products and food, control the observance of the children of norms and rules of personal hygiene, together with the doctor systematically conduct preventive examinations of children. The most important health factors in the camp are maximum stay of children in the exercise, good sleep, good nutrition, physical training and hardening.
Doctor prescribes supervised by nurses solar-air baths and water procedures. Along with this, children are widely used sports games, trips, cultural events. At the end of the period of stay in the camp (28 days per shift) health workers give the conclusion about the efficiency of the rest, and enter these data in the medical card.
States health workers pioneer camp: 150-350 children - 1 post of the doctor and 1 position nurses.

Pioneer camp - mass educational and health care facilities for the pioneers and schoolchildren, created the state, trade unions after the great October socialist revolution and the appearance of the pioneer organization.
In P. L. are children aged 7 to 15 years.
P. L. are: 1) country health (during summer and winter vacations); 2) stationary (year), Republican, regional values (of type-Union camp Artek in Crimea); 3) sanatorium; 4) urban (school and office).
Especially common summer P. L. country type.
Pioneer camp is placed in a dry area, near or among the green areas, near river, away from the noisy roads of the industrial enterprises, in places, safe in epidemiological terms. For P. L. divert dry and bright room with several (at least two) outputs of them, with verandas for children sleep on the air in the daytime and for walking in the rainy weather. Canteens are placed on the veranda or under a canopy.
In pioneer camps provided honey. room for examination of children and isolator based 2-3 beds for every 100 children.
Monitoring the health of children in P. L. carry out the children's doctor and the nurse. The doctor monitors the state of health and physical development of children, the implementation established in the camp regime, provides for the conduct of sanitary and anti-epidemic measures. Health workers pioneer camps exercise control over the San. the state of food units, the quality of products and food. Power mode is established in accordance with age-related physiological needs of children. Besides the core products, containing proteins, fats and carbohydrates, are widely used products, rich in vitamins.
Stationary P. L. type "Artek" function all year round. For children with weak health organized sanatorium P. L. In the absence of conditions for deployment of special sanatorium P. L. created sanatorium groups in P. L. common type. In the sanatorium P. L. referred children with diseases of cardiovascular system (rheumatism, chronic tonsillitis), with nonspecific diseases of respiratory organs (chronic pneumonia, asthma, respiratory catarrh), diseases of gastrointestinal tract, scoliosis, speech disorder. Selection of children in the sanatorium P. L. is sanatorium-selection commissions of the children's polyclinic.
The most important health factors in the health of P. L. are: maximum stay of children in the air, getting enough sleep, good nutrition. Child nutrition in the health camp 5-fold. In order to strengthen the health of children are appointed under the supervision of a physician solar-air baths and water procedures.
Great attention in the health P. L. paid to holding of physical therapy, corrective gymnastics, massage, especially in P. L. for children with disorders of the locomotor system, diseases of cardiovascular system, respiratory organs of nonspecific etiology.
Urban pioneer camps are organized for the summer period on the basis of schools, parks, clubs, houses of pioneers. Urban P. L. designed for day vacation students. For children set the agenda taking into account the age and state of health. P. L. organized and in rural areas - in collective and state farms. For rural P. L. schools are located in the green zone, near rivers and lakes. Selection of children in P. L. spend honey. workers nearest rural medical station. Food for children released by the boards of the collective and the administration of the state farms.