Pathology of digestive

Pages: 1 2 3

Breach of normal digestion can be caused by various factors. Both organic and functional lesions lead to the breakdown of the secretory and motor, suction or excretory functions of bodies involved in the complex and interrelated process of digestion.
Among the various causes of the defeat of the digestive system, occupies the leading place violation of the mode and tempo of the power supply (see Power), the use of monotonous, tough, not quite benign and inferior food, alcohol, nicotine. Dyspepsia can be caused by acute and chronic infections, helminthic invasion (see), allergies (see).
Violations of the mechanisms regulating the function of organs of digestion, can also lead to functional or organic lesions of the digestive system. The nature of these changes is associated with the degree of violation of regulatory mechanisms, total reactivity of the organism and condition of the organ of digestion.
The greatest influence on the normal course of the digestive process have abnormalities of the nervous system that occur in any Department (cortex, hypothalamus area, the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system). In the pathology of the digestive system may play a role disorders and endocrine system (pituitary, adrenal gland, thyroid gland), and the violation of the regulatory function of the so-called local hormones digestive tract (gastrin, enterolactone, secretin, pancreozymin, Velicina, cholecystokinin).
Diseases of other organs and systems may violate the right for the digestive process. For example, if any excretory functions of the kidneys and the delay in the body of nitrogen products (see Uremia) last strenuously start to be allocated to the mucosa of the digestive tract. First, this compensatory factor pathological effects on the digestive system is not provided, especially if the treatment of such patients apply systematic washing stomach (see my Stomach and duodenal intubation (see). With long-term allocation of nitrogen products (urea, uric acid and others) may occur the so-called elimination, or excretory, gastritis, duodenitis, enterocolitis. With circulatory failure (see Circulation insufficiency) also suffers from digestive system due to hypoxia (see)due to venous stagnation.
Finally, in the development of the pathology of the digestive system plays a great role the close relationship that exists between the individual digestive system, resulting in disease of one of them (functional or organic) reflex and neurohumoral by disturbed function of another body.
If the impact of a pathological process of the sick body to another body continues for a long time, the functional disturbances developed in the other body can serve as a basis for organic changes in it. For example, if it is appropriate treatment of chronic cholecystitis and reflex effect from the gallbladder to the mucous membrane of the stomach continues for a long time, hyperchlorhydria finally replaced achlorhydria (see), and ultimately develop chronic atrophic gastritis.
The latter leads to the fact that the food caught in the stomach, undergoes insufficient chemical and mechanical processing (rapid evacuation of the stomach). Consequently, the share of intestinal enzymes decreases greater than normal, the load in the digestion of food, and trauma food mass of the intestinal mucosa that may lead to the development of inflammation. This feature also increases due to the fact that the absence of hydrochloric acidwith bactericidal action, promotes the settlement of the bacterial flora of upper parts of gastrointestinal tract.
The treatment should be aimed at elimination of the pathogenic factors and restoration of the normal digestive process. According to the testimony treatment may be ambulatory, hospital and sanatorium.
Prevention of disease digestion is in compliance with sanitary-hygienic norms. In chronic diseases of digestive organs - anti-relapse treatment and prevention of relapse.