Communication actual nutrition and health of the elderly and old age

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We have already noted that the energy value of the ration is one of the main features in the hygienic assessment of nutrition. Depending on its size, we considered it lawful to distribute the surveyed people into three groups, comparing with featured in the USSR amount of calories for the elderly and old age. The dependence of the health indicators from caloric we have traced in three groups surveyed 1. It turned out that the frequency of occurrence and severity of atherosclerotic autocarriers depend on the size of the calorie content of their meals. So, in the first group, the number of persons with a moderate form of atherosclerotic autocarriers greatest (88,9%) compared to the surveyed groups II, III, and the number of persons with an initial form of atherosclerotic autocarriers in the II and III groups was 2-3 times higher than in group I, constituting respectively 31,1 and 24.7% (Fig. 21).
A similar relationship is observed with the comparison of the magnitude of the caloric intake of three groups of people with a degree of manifestation of their atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels. It turned out that in the first group, the percentage of people with a moderate form of atherosclerotic encephalopathy was twice higher than in the II and III groups. In respect of the initial forms of atherosclerotic encephalopathy in persons of I and II groups revealed an inverse relationship.
Along with the communication of the various caloric with the degree of atherosclerotic disease of no less interest is the study of biochemical parameters. It is especially interesting that in the literature there is no consensus about the correlation of age and pathological changes in the lipid metabolism in the elderly and communication of these changes with the nature of power. We compared the content of cholesterol and lecithin in the blood serum of all surveyed elderly and old people. It turned out that the level of cholesterol in blood serum (table. 17) in individuals of all three groups to some extent depended on the size of the calorie content of their food (r =+0,8).
Most expressed cholesterolemia installed in group I, the least - in group II, and these differences are statistically significant. The difference in cholesterol content in blood serum of the examined I and III groups are statistically significant. The amount of cholesterol in serum persons of II and III groups was almost identical.
Determined also correlative dependence between the caloric value and content of lecithin in serum (r = -0,73). The comparison of the obtained data has shown that the level of lecithin in the blood serum of people in group II higher than that of group I. The highest value lecithin/cholesterol ratio observed in group II; differences between groups are statistically significant.
The obtained data made it possible to analyze the material and pure age aspect. It turned out that a higher degree of cholesterolemia and lecithinase noted in the elderly compared to the old. Note that in elderly and old women were statistically significant differences in the content of cholesterol in blood serum, and men - in the content of lecithin.
The level of lipids in some extent reflects the state of lipid metabolism in the body, is essential in the development of atherosclerosis, identifying partly or progressive reversible stage of development process. In the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis plays a role not so much the absolute content of lipids in the blood, how their relationship. The obtained data allow to assess the level of lipids in the blood serum of people I group as the most negative factor regarding the etiology and pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
Examined persons were also allocated for the total content of fat, fats of animal and plant origin food in accordance with the recommended gorodiatechi standards (b.p. The Burgasy, 1968).