Communication actual nutrition and health of the elderly and old age

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Materials about vitamin sufficiency actual diets with certainty indicate the presence of hypovitaminosis in a significant part of the examined people, that during clinical studies was confirmed by us in respect of certain vitamins.
Depending on the quantitative content of vitamins in food rations all surveyed were divided us into 3 groups. In the first group included persons in diets that contains all the vitamins of group b were below the recommended values (30,3%). The second group consisted of people in diets which the content of these vitamins are consistent with good values, and for some vitamins exceeded them (18,9%). Group III is assigned persons in diets whose content of certain vitamins ranged from the values of the corresponding normative, to non-compliant them (50,8%). The data obtained in the examined group III, due to significant variation in the size of the content of individual vitamins of group b, the analysis was not used.
Health indicators and primarily functional state of the cardiovascular system, the level of lipid exchange was largely determined by the degree of security of b vitamins actual diets elderly and old people, and was highest in persons of II group.
The obtained data testify close ties between the actual nutrition of older people and the functional state of the cardiovascular system, the severity of atherosclerotic process. The combination of disorders of lipid metabolism, functional changes of cardiovascular system and shifts in the blood clotting system creates prerequisites for progression of pathological changes and development in further functional disorders of the cardiovascular system. There are various interpretations of the institutional communication.
Need some balance between energy consumption of the body and calorie intake (A. A. Pokrovski, Yu. M. Nemenova,. 1966; Ketz, 1973). According to the literature, basal metabolic rate with age progressive decreases decreases the intensity of tissue respiration? (N. N. Sirotinin, 1960; A. C. Nagorno and others, 1963;, L. N. Bogatskaya, N. Century Velikovata, 1965, and others). Other; words, metabolic cost of elderly and old man are reduced due to the decrease of intensity of the main exchange. Accumulated extensive factual material on the reduction of motion activity ageing" of man (I. Century Muravov, 1968; Mateev, 1968). Moreover, it is shown (centuries Frolkis and others, 1962; centuries Frolkis, 1970; Sartorelli et al., 1959, and others)that even with significant physical exercise oxygen consumption and amplitude changes of oxidative processes with age also decrease.
That is why quite natural requirements to the decrease in caloric intake with age. High calorific power does not correspond to the balance of biological processes in old age, so it is advisable to clarify featured in gorodiatichi the magnitude of the needs of an aging" of the body for energy. Apparently, in all circumstances, the caloric content of food ration should be reduced. Recommendations more strict diet should be strictly individual, and if reducing calorie intake is contrary to the current food stereotype of a person, the changes are not shown. However, almost half of the surveyed older people themselves empirically reduce the intake of energy that corresponds to their physiological needs and does not reduce disability.
It seems appropriate to refer to Krebs and Kornberg (1959) singled out three stages in the transformation of entering the body of nutrients. In the first phase is the destruction of nutrients to the level of substrates that are suitable for the liberation of energy. In the second phase of metabolism they are converted with the release of energy in the third release occurs in the principal amount of energy with participation of oxygen. If caloric intake higher energy expenses, the receipt of substrates with food exceeds exchange opportunities tissues.