The types of pneumonia

Hypostatic pneumonia focal bacterial pneumonia, growing in the back-lower lung heavy bedridden patients with symptoms of congestive hyperemia. The occurrence of pneumonia gradual, subfebrile temperature often, but it can also be normal. Percussion in nizhnezadnimi the lungs blunt, respiration is weakened, heard abundant sonorous moist rales.
Aspiration pneumonia focal pneumonia resulting from the aspiration of any foreign substances in the lungs (vomit, food particles and other). In the microbial flora of sputum find, besides the usual for pneumonia bacteria, spirochetes , and spindle-shaped sticks. Inflammatory lesions in the lungs when aspiration pneumonia often multiple, different size. Aspiration pneumonia occurs with chest pain, shortness of breath, cough, sometimes with a large number of sputum. The temperature rises up to 39-40 degrees. Leukocytosis with neutrophilic shift reaches 20 000 - 25,000 in 1 mm3. A severe form of aspiration pneumonia can be complicated suppurative processes in the lungs.
Postoperative pneumonia is the most frequent postoperative complications. In most cases it pneumonia focal character, most often aspiration, telegraficheskie, hypostatic, heart-pneumonia or intercurrent pneumonia.
Metastatic pneumonia focal pneumonia, growing on the soil embolism, especially when sepsis (see).
Interstitial pneumonia - inflammatory changes are localized mainly in interstitial connective tissue of the lung. In most cases of interstitial pneumonia caused respiratory viruses or Mycoplasma pneumonia. Interstitial pneumonia bacterial etiology are relatively rare. Elimination of inflammatory changes often delayed, there is development of pneumosclerosis , and bronchiectasis. Body temperature when interstitial pneumonia increases with chills, General intoxication of an organism. In the study of lung detected: percutere is little dulling with tympanic shade, auscultatory - decreased breath or hard over the affected areas of the lung. Can listen fine bubble moist rales. Of crucial importance in the diagnosis has x-ray examination. In the blood of a small leucocytosis with a shift leukocyte left.
Acute viral pneumonia is most frequently observed during epidemics of influenza. Early pneumonia is observed in the first three days of influenza, late in 5-7 days (see Flu).
Pneumonia when psittacosis observed in the first 2-4 days of the disease. The main symptom in patients with pneumonic form of psittacosis - cough, General toxic symptoms. In light of weak, less rigid, breathing, subtle fine bubble moist rales. In the blood, lakopenia, relative neutrophilia with a shift to the left, aneosinophilia, ROE accelerated (see Ornithosis).
Chronic pneumonia. Chronic pneumonia considered an inflammatory lung disease characterized by acute inflammatory processes on the basis of morphological changes in the structure of the lung tissue and bronchi. A large role in the appearance of these pneumonia play chronic bronchitis. Have the value of professional factors. In patients with chronic pneumonia decreased vital capacity (VC), the reserves of pulmonary ventilation, can be impaired circulation on right ventricular type. Chronic pneumonia is a dynamic process: light changes sometimes lead to more severe.