Acute pneumonia

Full information about morbidity athletes acute pneumonia presents only the study of L. Mecl (1965). In it a comparative analysis of the frequency of acute pneumonia in three groups with total number 2150 persons (persons with physical labor, athletes and sportsmen of high qualification). Age surveyed ranged from 20,1 to 32,4 years. It turned out that acute pneumonia, often observed in persons, physical activity, more often in athletes and most often in persons of physical labor. As for the frequency of complications of acute pneumonia, the athletes they met 2 times more often than those engaged in physical culture. From these data clearly establishes the position of the positive impact of systematic physical training and sports on health. As for some greater frequency of these diseases and their complications in athletes, compared with the athletes, it seems, is determined more by athletes frequency surge, temporarily reduces the immune system. These views are supported by the data Century, M. Shubin and M. Ya. Levin (1985). These authors found a clear influence of the factor intensity and volume of training and competitive pressures on the frequency of acute pneumonia in athletes. So, masters of sports and candidates for the master, whose practice requires constant ecolabelling and limiting stresses and is mostly related with the stress loads, pneumonia occurs in 2,5 times more than in athletes III-II discharges (respectively, 24,2 and 9.9%). It is not excluded that this is partly known in athletes phenomenon of dissimulation, resulting in the neglect of the doctor's instructions regarding the treatment regime during illness and recovery, as well as of early re-training.
Given the important role of acute pneumonia, like all other acute respiratory system diseases in the structure of morbidity, requires a thorough clinical analysis of etiology and pathogenesis of acute respiratory diseases in athletes, the nature of the flow, the role of orientation of training process and its main quantitative parameters - the number of hours of training sessions per week and others, impact of training and so on, But such data in the literature no. There are also no representative statistical development on the frequency of acute lung disease in athletes at all.
Despite the importance of this group of diseases, currently it is impossible to give a clear picture of the nature of the influence of systematic sports in acute respiratory diseases, although the fact of such influence, undoubtedly, exists. The lack of data on these issues does not allow to identify more effective ways of prevention and treatment of acute respiratory diseases in athletes. At the same time, defective treated acute diseases of respiratory apparatus, especially on the background of dissimulation and its consequences, mentioned above, can cause chronic non-specific pathological changes in the organs of respiration, the frequency of which the population from year to year grows. The lack of data on chronic nonspecific diseases, developing in athletes due to poorly treated acute pneumonia, does not exclude such a way. Such a way of development of chronic nonspecific pulmonary diseases is one of the major, and there is no reason to believe that in this sense athletes are exempt.