The field of medical equipment

The field of medical equipment is adapted for work in the field of medical property and equipment.
Modern field of medical equipment is a set of tools that enable the deployment and operation of medical institutions in the field.
The distinctive properties of the field of medical equipment: design and operational simplicity, compactness, reliability in work after transportation. Device objects field of medical equipment allows to quickly bring them to work and creates convenience for medical personnel to care for the wounded and sick in the field. The subject field of medical equipment should not sharply differ from medical equipment, which is typically used in peacetime. It facilitates the work of medical staff in the field. Some items, tools, diagnostic and medical equipment are used without any modification. Other items of equipment (surgical tables - operating and dressing, means of restraint, x-ray machines, autoclaves and other) adapted to field conditions. Part of the field of medical equipment includes sets of medical assets in special styling; equipment for the deployment and operation of clinics and field of medical institutions; equipment I devices for diagnostic, therapeutic, and laboratory work; mobile medical unit;
the means of sanitation and disinfection; pharmacy and other property
The most common type field of medical equipment kits are mostly placed in the medical kits - special types of containers for storing, carrying and transportation of medical assets in the field. Packing design and purpose are divided into portable and transportable. The weight of portable kits (property) of 3 (bag) to 12 kg (first aid kit), carried from 25 to 60 kg of Stacking are made of canvas, leather, wood, metal, synthetic materials and depending on this can be soft, semi-rigid and rigid.
Design and laying boxes allows efficiently to place them in different medical property. For placing areas of various items in boxes are taken out (retractable) "trays" and "grid". Individual styling features a removable doors and tops that allows you to deploy the workplace. Are completed with installation, as a rule, on the functional characteristics (first aid kit airplane, bag skinstructure, set the field of medical and other). Some styling kits contain homogeneous means (bus, dressings, bacterial drugs). Complete equipment enables rendering of medical aid for all types of lesions and correspond to the scope of work envisaged for the specific stages of medical evacuation (see Regimental medical center, Medical and sanitary battalion, Hospital).
Medical property for rendering pre-medical (medical) assistance picked to wear the laying - "medical field". This styling is a wearable box with a handle on the top cover. Kits for first medical assistance, qualified and specialized medical care are placed in a wooden or metal (duralumin) box kits. For convenience, each set is given alphanumeric designation. For example: PF - field medical, W-1 - shock, SV - dental, etc., Sets of medical equipment are divided into military, hospital, laboratory and sets the gain. There are special packing: for oxygen-respiratory equipment, heat-insulating containers and other
Equipment for deployment field of medical institutions is portability and durability. This equipment includes: tables surgical dressings and operational; hour unified (metal folding tripod), which together with objects-nozzles forms instrument table for surgical instruments and dressing material (Fig. 1), planadeball to commit ampoules and vials of blood and blood liquids; wash-basin with elbow crane; the holder of the two basins to process hand surgeon. The equipment set includes folding supports under the stretcher; machines, three-tier six to accommodate wounded on stretchers (Fig. 2), and other
Diagnostic, medical apparatus and instruments are put in a laying boxes and represented mainly by the modifications of the relevant instruments of peace-time (field physiotherapy room, field x-ray room and others). Field laboratory and pharmacy kits are placed in the styling, a device that allows you to deploy a workplace without additional furniture (Fig. 3).
To mobile medical units include avtoperevozki, equipped vehicle and fastened the tent; the system; autorange (deployed tent for fluoroscopy) from the power plant; disinfection and showers, sterilization-distillation trailers and other
To the means of collection, removal and medical evacuation of the affected include: webbing to retrieve the wounded from tanks and remote places and their carrying stretchers, boat-scraper, trucks and ambulances, special railway cars, planes, ships (see the Removal and removal of the diseased, Sanitary transport).
Fig. 1. Instrument table on the unified stand. Fig. 2. Three-tier sextuple machine SP-6 for the temporary accommodation of the wounded on stretchers.
Field laboratory buffet, an expanded by means of laying the boxes.


The field of medical equipment is specially adapted for work in field conditions, property and equipment used by the military medical service. The nature and peculiarities of modern military operations have high demands to the organization of medical support and equipping of the military medical service.
In the conditions of the use by the enemy of new weapons, with a large scale of operations, the rapid movement of troops and mass sanitary losses must provide increased mobility of field hospitals and rapidly deploy them to work. In this regard, the medical institution shall be provided with the appropriate equipment and facilities.
The main distinctive features of the modern field of medical equipment - structural simplicity, compactness, reliability in work after delivery to the place, high reliability. Construction of objects PMO should provide quick bringing it into working condition and convenience for work of nurses in providing assistance to the wounded and sick. Many tools and devices (sphygmomanometers, stetophonendoscope and similar), widely used in peacetime, can be applied in field conditions, without modification. Operating and dressing tables (see Operating tables), shadowless lamps, x-ray machines, autoclaves, etc.
manufactured specifically in relation to field conditions.
Part P. M. O. includes sets of honey. property in the special kits (kits, bags, laying boxes, etc.,) or a normal box; special equipment for the deployment and operation of honey. points and wild honey. institutions; equipment and devices for functional and laboratory diagnostics and treatment; mobile honey. installation (avtoperevozchiki, laboratories, x-ray cabinets and other); technical means of honey. evacuation, decontamination and disinfection; pharmacy property.
The combination of these tools provides the military-medical service in combat conditions the possibility of the deployment and operation of all stages honey. evacuation and providing them wounded and sick of those types of honey. aid for which they are intended.
The most common field of medical equipment are sets of medical property, for the most part placed in honey. the kits intended for storing, carrying and transportation of sets and ease of use in the field. On design and purpose honey. laying are portable and transportable. They are made of canvas, leather, wood, metal, plastics, and depending on this can be soft, semi-rigid and rigid. The weight of portable kits (property) of 3 kg (bag) to 12 kg (first aid kit), carried from 25 to 60 kg
Laying boxes arranged in such a way that allow you to conveniently and efficiently to place them in different honey. property. This is achieved by the presence of removable (retractable) "trays", "arrays" and "inserts"forming a nest for laying areas of various subjects. Some laying boxes equipped with hinged shelves or tables, so you can use them as a workplace.
Laying completed property, as a rule, according to the functional principle (first aid kits of aircraft and tank, bags of orderly and sanitary instructor, paramedical and medical kits). There are laying containing sets of homogeneous assets (splints, bandages). Functional principle of recruitment styling allows to enter separate sets of equipment for various divisions and institutions honey. service. Complete equipment enables rendering of medical aid for all types of lesions and corresponds to the volume provided for a specific stage of honey. evacuation (regimental honey. paragraph, medical and sanitary battalion, surgical field mobile hospital and so on). So crucial is the selection of the contents of each of laying such a way that they meet the conditions, tasks and organization carry out medical work.
First aid kits and bags (Fig. 1) represent a special laying, in which the field of hospital beds in in-patient departments).
For deployment of field hospitals outside the settlements, as a rule, are used tents with nametami from linen canvas: MOUTH - single-masted with the floor area of 21.6 m2, CSS - mast, floor area 58,5 mg In tents deployed all functional units: dressings, surgical, receiving and sorting, evacuation, etc. If necessary, hospitalization infectious patients existing equipment allows to rasporediti tents on isolated one from the other boxes.
Equipment and devices for functional and laboratory diagnostics and placed a small sets of property intended for rendering first medical aid (bags aide, sanitary instructor), as well as for self - and mutual aid (first aid kit). Kits containing dressings for burn, medicines, equipped with all combat vehicles (tanks, armoured personnel carriers, planes, etc). The honey. property for rendering pre-medical (medical) assistance picked to wear the laying - "medical field". Property for first medical, qualified and specialized honey. help usually comes in a hard wooden or metal (duralumin) box kits. Each stacking is assigned a particular cipher, consisting of letters and numbers, applied paint on the cover of laying the box. For example, PF is the medical field, L-I - lab main, SV - dental etc. In the Soviet Army sets honey. equipment can be divided into military, hospital, laboratory and strengthening. In addition to these box kits, there are special: for storage of blood and bacterial agents-insulating containers; for specific intakes of samples; oxygen-breathing apparatus and some others. Part P. M. O. includes transport tires and sets of dressing materials. Sets expendable property are designed to provide honey. assistance with respect to individual species (combat) lesions (transported in planked boxes disposable).
Field equipment of the stages of medical evacuation is portability folded, lightness and durability. This includes tables, dressing and surgical dressings; universal metal hour-tripod, which together with objects-nozzles forms instrument table for surgical instruments and bandages (Fig. 2) or planadeball for fixing vessels (ampoules and vials) with blood and blood liquids, or wash-basin with elbow crane, or the holder of the two basins to process hand surgeon by way of Spasokukotskogo - Kochergina, or a table for bandaging of limbs and other; folding supports under the stretcher (see), 3 - and 6-bed, three-tier machines K. N. Pavlovsk (Fig. 3), treatment is represented mainly by field modifications of the corresponding devices intended for peacetime (field physiotherapy room, field x-ray room and others). They are all located in the laying boxes. For honey. exploration and diagnostic sets, including intakes of trial and simple indicators, and field laboratory kits in special boxes that allow you to deploy the workplace without additional furniture (Fig. 4).
Mobile medical units are designed to provide first medical aid - aviaperevozka placed in the body of the vehicle and one of the horses tent; for the conduct of honey. intelligence is a system; physical examination - autorange, which is deployed tent (fluoroscopy) and has its own power plant. To rolling honey. units are also mounted on vehicles disinfection showers and sterilization-distillation trailers. Sanitization and disinfection in the field are specially adapted for this purpose shower installations (see), disinfection chambers (see), as well as using hidraulicos, avtomatov etc.
For this purpose, a comprehensive installation: field of mechanical Laundry, bath and disinfection train and other
Tools include medical evacuation specially designed straps, stretchers, scraper, truck (hand tools collect the wounded), ambulances, special railway cars, planes, ships (see transports).
There are also options for adaptation ordinary trucks, buses, airplanes, helicopters, for the purposes of honey. the evacuation.

Fig. 1. The medical bag.
Fig. 2. Instrument table on the unified stand.
Fig. 3. Three-tiered six bets Pavlovsky to accommodate wounded on stretchers.
Fig. 4. Laboratory buffet, an expanded with the help of field kits.