Resorts Poland

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Poland, the largest of the European people's democracies, is located in the North-Eastern part of Central Europe and occupies the territory of 311 700 km2. In it there are more than 31 000 000 people.
In the North of Poland during 580 km washed by the Baltic sea in the West to the Oder and Nisa borders with the German Democratic Republic, and on the southwest by the Sudeten and Carpathian mountains - with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. In the South-East, East and North-East Poland at a considerable distance (more than 1000 km) borders with the Soviet Union.
The surface is greater Northern part of Poland is a predominantly low plain, which is often called the Polish: lowland, with marks from 150 to 300 m above sea level. The southern and South-Western part of the country, on the contrary, has a pronounced mountainous character, as is the foothills of the Sudeten and Carpathian mountains. Here in Poland is part of the high Tatras mountains, the peaks of which are the highest points of the country (the peak Rysy - 2500 m. - 2300 m and other). The highest peaks of the Sudetenland not exceed 1,700 m (Sneznik -1603 m). However valley among these mountains are situated at the height of 500-600 meters above sea level, and some above. So, one of the famous Polish resort of Zakopane is situated at a height of 800-1000 m
In accordance with the geographical location of Poland, its climate is temperate continental, the transition from soft sea continental Western Eastern European, with cool summers (average temperature of July 17-19 degrees) short and relatively warm winters (average January temperature is-2-5 degrees).
Rainfall depending on the elevation above sea level varies 450-800 mm Snow cover lasts 2-3 months, although not always sustainable. The climate of the plain part of Poland is similar to the climate of the Western regions of Belarus and the Kaliningrad region: the RSFSR. In South and foothill areas slightly warmer in the summer. Rainfall is much more in the mountains it reaches 1000 mm, and sometimes 1500 mm per year. In winter, frosts are small, snow cover significant and steady winds little, the intensity of their small. Therefore, in mountain resorts widely developed winter sports, especially skiing.
Despite the wealth of natural medical factors, the status and organization of health resort business in the bourgeois-landlord Poland was at a very low level. Built on capitalist foundations, and is subject to the single goal of the profit, it developed slowly, unsystematic and, of course, was not available due to the high cost to the working people. During the second world war 1939-1945, and the occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany, the state resorts further deteriorated. The Nazis destroyed a large number of doctors and nurses resorts, plundered and destroyed many sanatorium buildings, the resort institutions and balneomedicical devices. With the establishment in Poland of the people's democratic regime resorts were quickly restored and rebuilt, as all national economy, on the new socialist basis and for the first time in the history of the country have become available to workers. For a short time to use the Spa resources to achieve enormous success. Resorts Poland now become a genuine medical institutions, where annually treated and resting hundreds of thousands of workers. Constant attention and support from the government of the Republic and the leadership of the Polish United workers ' party provides resorts further rapid growth and development.
On the territory of Poland in the foothills of the Carpathians and Sudetes, on the Baltic sea, in the picturesque forest on the coast of the rivers and lakes there are balneological, mud and climatic resorts.
Among the resort of wealth on the basis of which are created the tourist resorts of the Republic, the first place is occupied by numerous mineral springs of various physico-chemical composition. Mineral springs are concentrated mainly in the South, in the Carpathian mountains and in the South-West - in the Silesian basin and in the West Sudety mountains. In the Northern part of the country there are a small number of outlets of mineral waters. In addition, numerous mineral springs in the southern part of the Kielce voivodship in the area Busko-Sandomierz.
A systematic study of mineral waters Poland started essentially only after the establishment of it's power and now balneological laboratory in Szczawno registered several hundred outputs of mineral waters, the number of which increases every year.
Of the most valuable chemical composition and curative properties of the waters produced in the last years, it should be noted: highly mineralized, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbonate-sodium water in Krynica (drilling sober III); the water with unique content of hydrocarbonate iron (about 200 mg/l)found there (drilling № 5); warm (35 degrees) brine water (60 g/l)obtained in the resort of Ciechocinek (drilling Terma XVI); hydrocarbonate-sodium-calcium water with high content of hydrogen sulphide (138 mg/l), displayed in Łapczyca (near Krakow). Near wells, incorporated in the same area received more concentrated water type of Matsesta with hydrogen sulfide up to 320 mg/L.
In Cieszyn Silesia explored and extracted brines with a very high content of iodine (Tablets)and brines with a high content of chloride calcium (Menzies). As a result of research explored and mined low-mineralized thermal waters around Zakopane, where it still outputs mineral waters were not known.
Mineral springs, widely used in the balneological purposes, are located mainly in the southern mountainous part of the country. The main areas of their outputs the following: the valleys of the rivers wisłoka rivers and San (Rzeszów province), where there are numerous sources chloride sodium composition, relatively low salinity (5-10 g/l), usually containing iodine; a significant portion of these sources contain a small amount (2-12 mg/l) of hydrogen sulfide; the valley of the river Poprad and Dunajec (Krakow Voivodeship), where there are numerous exits mineral springs with carbonate water (1.5-2 g/l) relatively low salinity (1-3,5 g/l of hydrocarbonate-calcium-magnesium type, often with notable content of iron, among them especially interesting are some mineral springs in the resort of Krynica, which, in addition to the specified structure, have the water is hydrocarbonate-sodium with high mineralization (from 19 to 29 g/l), as well as resort Szczawnica is extremely close substitutes hydrocarbonate-chloride-sodium waters of our resort Essentuki; the valley of the river Raba, where lie too sodium chloride water, but much greater concentration (25 to 156 g/l); the Northern slopes of the Sudeten mountains (Wroclaw voivodship), with many and varied mineral springs. In addition to carbon dioxide, hydrocarbon-calcium-sodium waters, in the Sudetes there hazerwoude nitrogen alkaline baths (sources resorts Landeck and Silesian of Teplicy). Sources of Landeka brackish, have a temperature of 20 to 29 degrees and contain radon from 9 to 100 units of Mahe. The baths of Silesian Teplitz have a higher temperature (18 to 42 degrees), also gairaut nitrogen, containing more than 100 mg/l silicic acid, but eradikatini. The number of radioactive sources Poland, in addition to the above the thermal springs of Landeka are cold springs resort Swieradow with radioactivity 70-85 units Mahe, some carbon sources Kudowa with radioactivity of about 50-55 units Mahe and resort Szczawno, the radioactivity of the water which is 15 units of Mahe. The peculiarity of mineral water resort of Kudowa is also the presence of arsenic (from 1.7 to 4.8 mg/l ion HaSO4).
In Northern Poland widely used chloride-sodium waters, usually containing iodine and small amounts of hydrogen sulphide.

  • Krynica
  • Zegiestow
  • Szczawnica
  • Rabka
  • Zakopane
  • Wroclaw voivodship
  • Landek
  • Polyanytsya
  • Duszniki
  • Kudowa
  • Cieplice
  • Szczawno
  • Swieradow
  • Iwonicz
  • Busko
  • Ciechocinek
  • Inowrocław
  • Połczyn-Zdroj