Organization of inpatient and outpatient care to the rural population

The fundamental differences in medical-preventive and sanitary-anti-epidemic service of urban and rural population in this country. Both in the city and in the rural areas are above basic principles of the Soviet health care. However, there are some peculiarities in rural health depends largely on population density, radius of service and communications.
In rural areas relatively low population density, large radii of service, so sometimes there are still difficulties in the implementation of health care. Geographical conditions and specificity of rural population resettlement effects on the organization of rural health. There is no need in every village to have a major hospital and the polyclinic. Such institutions exist in regional centers and other towns or large villages of the district. The residents of other settlements mainly served by a relatively small rural hospitals with capacity from 25 up to 100 beds.
Despite the fact that in a basis of activity of rural health facilities is a district principle, yet in rural areas in order to provide qualified medical care are still valid and the principle of gradualism. If necessary, the patient is sent to a larger institution, where he can have more qualified and specialized help.
The party and government attach great importance to the elimination of significant differences between urban and rural areas. The most important task of public health is the convergence of treatment and preventive care of the urban and rural population.
At present highly qualified specialized medical care for rural population have 187 regional, territorial and Republican hospitals with an average capacity of 638 beds.
Specialized medical aid to the population in rural areas have 2048 Central rayon hospitals (district center in the city) average power 202,1 bunk and 881 hospital (district center in the village) with an average power of 125,1 bunk. The country has 10847 rural district hospitals, average thickness up to 31.4 beds; in addition, the village are functioning 2889 rural health clinics.
Some former district hospitals assigned a number and called them "regional hospital № 1, 2", etc., In regional centres established sanitary-epidemiological station.
Thus, the rural population receives treatment and preventive care in rural precinct hospitals, license plate and Central district hospitals in the oblast (Krai, Republic) hospital.