Heart diseases

Heart disease is the pathological changes in the structure of its valves. The most frequent cause of heart disease is inflammation of the endocardium (the inner lining of the heart) as a rule, rheumatic character, atherosclerosis and other diseases. Much less common congenital heart defects arising out of fetal malformations. In congenital malformations in addition to the pathological changes in the structure of the valves may be defects in the structure of the partitions and large vessels.
Heart defects violate the General circulation. The nature of the violations depends on the type of blemish: failure of the valves or narrowing (stenosis) of the hole. At insufficiency of valves due to shortening and wrinkling his wings latter does not fully close the hole closing in, so part of the blood passes through the gap in the opposite direction. To pump needed for the body the amount of blood the heart muscle have to spend additional efforts. However, strengthening it and gradual hypertrophy can compensate this defect. Great assistance in achieving stable compensation have physical exercises. Stenosis, which is formed due to scar fusion of valve cusps or narrowing of the annulus, during the passage of blood there is an obstacle in Suzanna hole. The heart muscle may also need to work with the extra load. Nevertheless, good compensation is often not achieved. The blood through a narrow hole is in short supply and partially delayed in front of the obstacle. The possible combinations narrow hole with valves insufficiency. Such defects are called complex. When combined vices affected several valves (or holes). Stenosis any holes, complex and combined vices carefully to increase physical activity in the classroom medical physical culture.
Therapeutic physical culture is directed at solving the following tasks: providing restorative effects, development of compensation of the cardiovascular system, adaptation to physical loads, and for children - the creation of favourable conditions for the normalization of physical and psychomotor development.
The main therapeutic effect of exercise heart disease is to improve compensation that is achieved by gradually increasing physical activity. Normalization of blood circulation improves trophic processes.
Therapeutic physical culture appoint since the formation of the defect before the development is well compensated by the state, and also in cases of occurrence of cardiac insufficiency of the decompensation of heart disease. At the beginning of treatment are applied exercises, improves peripheral circulation and facilitate the work of the heart (exercises for small groups of muscles of the limbs, breathing exercises). However, stenosis of the left atrioventricular holes, accompanied by cardiac insufficiency of II degree, are excluded exercises with deep breathing, because it increases blood flow to the heart and may increase its stagnation in the lungs. The starting position is lying or sitting. Further included are exercises for all muscle groups and original standing, a greater burden than is achieved and the training of the heart muscle. But in this case, you need to exercise, improves blood circulation force: motion for a large muscle groups to alternate with the movements for small groups of muscles of the limbs, breathing exercises and exercises in the relaxation of muscles.
When a compensated heart defects methods of learning and dosage physical activity depend on the functionality of the cardiovascular system and correspond to the methods applied in studies with patients with ischemic heart disease, related to I or II functional class.
If offset of mitral valve insufficiency is no need for special medical physical culture. Patients are recommended lessons in groups of health. Students of educational institutions should be engaged in special preparatory groups.