Surgical treatment of heart defects

Surgical treatment of heart diseases applied as in congenital and acquired heart diseases. Testimony established depending on degree of circulatory disorders. The scope and nature of the intervention depend on the type of heart disease.
In congenital heart malformations with the presence of obstacles to the movement of blood produce the operations eliminating obstacles: for example, dissection valve narrowing of the pulmonary trunk, excision narrowed section of the aorta in her coarctation (narrowing). Heart disease overflow in the pulmonary circulation perform, which eliminates the discharge of blood from one channel to another: ligation of the ductus arteriosus, closure of the defect of the heart walls. Until recently it was believed that surgical treatment of congenital heart can best be achieved in three to five years of age and later. Currently, the development of anesthesiology, reanimatology and technique of surgical intervention allows the correction of many congenital heart to produce up to 3 years, in the first years and even months.
With acquired heart diseases - stenosis, mitral or aortic holes - used operations, restore the patency of them (see Comissurotomy). Elimination of the failure of the mitral or aortic valves is carried out by replacing them with artificial or taken from animals (see Valvuloplasty).
Contra-indications to surgical treatment of heart disease are sharp changes in the myocardium, the condition of severe decompensation, persistent changes in the lungs, endocarditis in acute stage, severe concomitant diseases.