Spinal injury

Spinal injury hard blunt objects are found more rarely and are usually registered in traffic accidents and falls from a height.
Vertebral fractures in different departments uneven both in terms of frequency of occurrence and their severity and outcome.
The vertebrae - most of them shoots (awned, cross) - may be damaged from the direct impact of blunt objects, while fractures of the vertebral bodies (especially in the zone of transition from one physiological curvature in another) are the result of indirect injury.
External impact from the rear and rear side of the spine at the level vermehrung Department causes not only transverse fracture and spinous process, but the destruction of the rear Department of bodies of the thoracic vertebrae in the history of the anterior longitudinal ligament). This mechanism of injury is quite often damaged in the middle and lower sections of the cervical parts of the spine due to the inertial careful ("whip fractures").
The most dangerous fractures in the cervical spine with involvement in the injured spinal cord. Such damages are often observed at falling from height on the head. The severity of lordosis depending on the position of the head at the moment of impact determines preferential damaged vertebral bodies or their rear departments and arms. Deformation and destruction of the cervical spine may be minimal (subluxations, samoupravlanja dislocations and others) and not always diagnosed radiographically. These injuries occur during transport trauma (hitting his head after falling from a moving Bicycle, motorcycle and others), falling on the head with a small height and others (as in cases of fractures of lateral departments of vertebrae) in traumatic can be involved not only cervical spinal cord, and vertebral arteries, making them thrombosis and violations of cerebral circulation.
Vertically directed load on the spine (falling on the legs, buttocks, head, shoulders) cause compression of intervertebral disks and vertebral bodies in accordance with the regulations of the spine at the moment of impact (decrease or increase the lordosis or kyphosis, bending towards). Gaps and compression of intervertebral disks damages of the vertebral bodies.