Internal injuries

Internal injuries can occur as a result of direct exposure addressed in the projection of the body (injury to the abdominal wall with liver damage, hit his head in the fall and bruise of a brain and other), and indirectly with a total shock body (for example, the gap between the gall bladder at falling from height) and can be closed or to be part of the wound channel.
Internal injuries accompanied by bleeding (internal only or combined with external). Assessment of the amount of blood shed abroad is an integral part in the formation of expert opinion about the cause of death and life expectancy after receiving damage to victims (for example, hemothorax and hemopericardium result of stab wounds in the chest).
In some cases, internal injuries occur due to low power external influence. In most cases this is due to the presence of any pathological process in the body (metastasis malignant neoplasms, aneurysm and others).
At the external impacts significant forces (landslides, moving the wheels of heavy vehicles, falling from a great height) can occur not only extensive damage to internal organs, but also their razmytye and even move.
Dislocations are offset touching normal articular surfaces and is often on the upper extremities. The skin, as a rule, be undamaged, and the presence of oedema indicates damage surrounding the joints, tissues (tensile and ruptures of ligaments, joint capsule, bleeding in the joint cavity and others).
Broken bones - the violation of its anatomic integrity is accompanied by damage to the surrounding soft tissues greater or lesser extent. On the characteristics and nature, as well as localization of fractures can be judged not only about damaging the subject (fire arms, slashing the subject and others), but also towards external influence.
Analysis of fractures of bones has acquired a special significance in connection with the fact that the signs by which one can judge about the mechanisms of injury, are well detected at x-ray (including with non-fatal injuries). Bone resists decay, that allows to do conclusions about the conditions of injury on the basis of research exhumed corpse.
In the study of the corpse in cases of mechanical injury of the bone, should be exempted from soft tissue, carefully researched, and damage described with the following main features:
1) accurate anatomical localization;
2) type of fracture (batskaushchyny, comminuted, fragmented and other);
3) the degree of matching fragments (mapped completely, partially, and what part, if there is a defect in the cortical layer of the CD and others);
4) the orientation of the plane of fracture at the distal and proximal fragments (right to left, from the outside in, from top to bottom, and others) and the nature of its surface;
5) outline the edges of the fracture and its direction relative to the anatomical axis of the bone (transversal, oblique direction; krupnosortnyj, smooth, rough, finely toothed, etc);
6) the cracks of the cortical layer CDs, departing from the edge of a break (containment, direction, shape, length and angle of divergence from the edge of a break);
7) bone fragments (their location, size, shape, and others).