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  • On the pages of this book lit conducted scientific discussion, but it is not a full Protocol a summary of all materials.
    Despite the fact that the main harmful effects of Smoking on health have been well known for many years, Smoking continues to be one of the most important health problems in both developed and developing countries. One quarter to three quarters of men smoke in virtually all countries, of which the statistical data. Women tend to smoke less than men, but their share in many regions of Europe and North America is about 30%, and increasing their number becomes the habit. The number of smokers continues to increase in many, though not all, developed and almost all developing countries.
    Tobacco use, particularly cigarette, is a significant cause of prolonged loss of disability and death caused by a variety of tumor, vascular and respiratory diseases. Tumor diseases caused by Smoking include cancer of the lung, mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, bladder, renal pelvis and pancreas. The most common of these is lung cancer. In most developed countries, of which the received data, the share of this disease, which can be attributed to Smoking, is 80-90 % in men and is approaching this level in women in many of these countries. Even if in other countries a lower incidence of lung cancer is caused by tobacco, a significant portion of the number of cases of this disease in the world should be attributed to this sole reason.
    Tobaccois probably the most powerful of the currently known carcinogens that affect humanity. He is the cause of more cancer deaths than all other well established Carcinogenicity together, and the annual number of deaths from lung cancer caused by tobacco, continues to grow rapidly. It is expected that by the end of this century the number of such cases will exceed 1 million, and should add even greater number of deaths from other illnesses, due to the same cause.
    In countries where common oral tobacco use in various forms, it also causes cancer, mainly in the mouth. This method of tobacco use is spreading to other countries that should be considered as dangerous trend.
    In addition, it should be noted that Smoking causes even greater number of deaths from non-neoplastic diseases than from cancer. Coronary heart disease (CHD) has become the leading cause of death in most developed countries and in those where Smoking is widespread for a long time, about 1/3 of all deaths from this disease among middle-aged persons, can be attributed to the consumption of cigarettes. Smoking also contributes to the development of other diseases of the arteries and is the most important cause of chronic nonspecific lung diseases (chronic bronchitis and emphysema).
    Based on the knowledge of chemical composition of tobacco smoke and experimental data to determine its impact on man, you should assume that "passive exposure to tobacco smoke on others is associated with some risk of developing lung cancer, however, to determine the exact extent of this risk requires additional study. There are some, though less accurate, evidence that such involuntary Smoking may also increase the incidence of CHD.
    Those who stop Smoking before they will develop cancer or serious disease of the lungs or heart, can largely avoid excessive risk of death from exposure to tobacco, which they were subjected least, to follow bad habit. The longer the term Smoking cessation, the greater the degree of reduction of this risk.