The increased risk of mental disorders in old age

Program of human life is deployed for some about the same time, and the natural end should look like the gradual extinction of all life functions before termination. This end of life there is now often as high modern level of development of medicine provides the ability to cope successfully with many illnesses that are able to prematurely terminate life.
In old age decreases hormonal activity, the activity of enzymatic processes, the intensity of metabolism; the failure of metabolism is manifested in the accumulation of non-completely oxidized products, various deposits (of cholesterol in the vascular wall and others); decreases the elasticity of blood vessels and ligaments, capsules. This period is reduced mobility and activity of mental processes, worsening memory, difficulty thinking of incoming information, losses sharpness of perception, reduced mental performance. Age changes and the social status of the person. The life of an old man consists mainly of losses: die relatives and friends, with the retirement disappears habitual industrial employment, weaken and interrupted the old social ties, and new ones are created by labor, lost physical strength, health, hearing, sight. Because of this, many old people live in the expectation of new losses are in a constantly depressed mood, loss of pleasure. Cumulative biological and social changes are accompanied by the gradual transformation of personality: thrift turns to greed, thoroughness - in rigidity, stiffness, irritability - in anger. Due to violation of adaptational possibilities of the organism reaction to the surroundings become more direct, reduced resistance to meteoronome the factor that has the side effect of drugs, to the Psychotrauma.) Because of the difficulties of adaptation old people avoid changes in their lives appear in the character traits such as conservatism, Orthodoxy. More direct yourself and the relationship between somatic and mental reactions. Any rapid mental reaction can cause adverse somatic changes: the attacks of stenocardia, hypertonic kriz, exacerbation of diabetes. At the same time somatic diseases put in more difficult conditions for the functioning of the Central nervous system and cause mental disorders. Thus, as we age the risk of mental disorders is increasing.
The ageing process, however, is never represented as a uniform decreasing functions. With aging there is a continuous functional restructuring of the compensation of the deficit. So, as compensation of many mental disorders in later life are gained extensive professional and life experiences and his accompanying wisdom, Forbearance, tolerance, loyalty, and other positive qualities of the person. At the organization of psychological prevention should be used knowledge not only weaknesses but also compensatory opportunities later age.
Aging and even dying cells surround the whole of life, but the General biological process of ageing begins around the age of 45 years. Much later it starts to decrease social human activity. With this in mind, gerontologists at the international Symposium in 1962 decided to consider the aged 50 to 64 years average, 65 to 74 years old, from 75 to 90 years old, over 90 years - deep old age. The conditions of human life in society can zoom in and zoom out old age. Preventing the onset of old age is a social activity, the opportunity to apply and to share their experience, to preserve at least partially, industrial contacts. There are many examples when people, who remained until the end of life in the same production conditions, lived to a ripe old age without any mental disorders and maintained high employment activity. Reaching retirement age should be prepared in advance for this psychologically, to take care of systematic medical care, about keeping them constant contact, to bring to public work. Extremely useful physical training, involvement of older people, especially pensioners, health groups, operating at the sports organizations.
At carrying out of actions on secondary psychological preventive measures, it is important to bear in mind obshivochnye features psychopathological symptoms, complicating the diagnosis of mental illness. So, for mental illness in later life, regardless of their nosological toiletries characterized by the predominance of disturbing emotional disorders over the others, flawed themes delusional experiences and routine of their content (delirium everyday relations, delirium small scale), memory disorders, ease of occurrence of violations of consciousness, the relative simplicity of psychopathological syndromes and the incompleteness of their development. Often there are abortifacient forms of psychosis, the tendency non-psychotic options to long-term treatment with outcomes in organic dementia. Such outcome contribute greatly disturbed the social adaptation of the persistence in the hospital, the appointment of the Central relaxing and muscle relaxant psychotropic drugsthat reduce the level of alertness and motor activity. These means of struggle with mental disorders should be used with caution and not to abuse them. Finally, as mental disorders and their treatment can cause adverse somatic changes, sometimes creating insurmountable barriers to full social adaptation at a later age.