Pranayama is like a springboard and a prerequisite for the transition to the subsequent stages of yoga. The goal of exercise pranayamas-conscious control (this control begins with the ability to hold their breath for an arbitrary time) for all the involuntary functions and physiological processes, i.e. energies (prana) of the human organism. Lessons breathing exercises contribute not only to control respiration, but targeted control consciousness.
There are a number of complexes of respiratory exercises that must be performed sequentially one after the other (after mastering prior) for a certain period of time. When complete physiological assimilation of the last stage pranayamas breathing exercises are performed yogi already throughout his life (it is advisable to do without interruption, at the same time).
The most acceptable for the student are two kinds of complex breathing exercises: full breath and breathing in a concentration" (alternative).
Breathing exercises related to the first variety of complex, made by the student only after two or three weeks of the date of exercise and the exercise of the second varieties of it - only after the complete assimilation of the preceding.
The most important condition for the regulation of respiration in both cases is the control over its rhythm. So you need to remember: in order to breathe correctly, we have to count prescribed in each exercise, breathing rhythm - such a reference Indian yogis use the frequency of strikes your heart rate (before the wrist). This individual rhythm is the most correct and accurate - can be the basis of reference (at first applies also a stopwatch).
Before practising pranayama useful cleansing nostrils from pollution, mucus (such is the principle of "purity of body and spirit"). This is done by making the exercise with suction and then sharp release (multiple) lightly salted warm water through the nostrils: alternating left and right (the most convenient to do it, sitting on a stool over bath, keeping the face of a bowl of salted water - based one teaspoon of table raw salt in a glass of water). In the initial period, you can drag and sharply to release water both nostrils. This exercise is useful for the common cold, and every person: in the morning after sleep, and in the evening before going to sleep (details "purifying exercises" described Sri Yogendra in the journal "Nature and man" (1985.- №7, 9, 11). After the complete emptying of the dish of salted water should make exercise a "Nettie"eliminating all obstacles to the flow of prana (life energy that carry moisture, light, air and the fruits of the earth that nourishes all living beings). "Nettie" is that a yogi using passed through the mouth and nose of a special cord carefully wiping nasal passages, while maintaining a clear rhythm: inhale - exhale - a delay that is permanent, measured by the shock pulse intervals. Western experts believe that for people of European origin exercise "Nettie" without teacher (guru) is better not to do, because you can cause yourself harm.
Thus, having learned the technique of preparation of the body (nasopharynx) to engage in, you can begin to perform certain pranayamas. Below we consider the complexes of respiratory exercises, recommended to students in further improvement as yogi.