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Rules for collecting medicinal plants

  • Gathering of herbs
  • Protection of green healers
  • You will not find in the world of drugs, which brought so much pleasure, how many berries and fruits! What is the healing power is hidden in them? They contain a lot of glucose and fructose, which is easily absorbed by the body and has a good influence on the nervous system, heart, liver. Rich in vitamins and even rare - group b, folic acid. Valuable minerals. Barberry, turn, mountain ash, bird cherry, cranberry, raspberry, strawberry, BlackBerry, blueberry help with stomach disorders. And if swollen gums, you need to eat strawberries and blueberries. Cold apply cowberry, barberry, BlackBerry, raspberry, strawberry, viburnum, cranberries, dog rose. Guelder rose, strawberries and hawthorn improve heart. This list can go on, but it shows how much healing power fraught with our forest fruits.
    When you collect? Some books have calendars berry bushes. But they, as a rule, in General. Well to make a calendar for their region. Older people know the time when ripe these or other berries, it is necessary to consult with them.
    Do you know when you need to mow the grass when the bark, and when roots dig? This is not an idle question. At different times of the year, even in different time of the day the plant contains a different number of useful substances, which determine its value.
    Useful properties of medicinal plants depend on the content of so-called active substances, i.e. such organic compounds, which have a healing effect.
    Not always medicinal substances accumulate in all parts of the plants in equal amounts. Some have more of them in the leaves, others in the bark, roots, flowers, seeds, fruits. And over time a number of medicinal substances is not the same, even during the day varies.
    Many decades and even centuries was developed basic rules of harvesting of medicinal raw material. And these rules need to strictly adhere to.
    The kidneys are harvested in late winter, early spring, when they were just starting to swell, and Bud scales have not yet begun to disperse. At this time, the kidneys are the most rich in balsamic and tar. This period is very short, sometimes only a few days. Once started the kidney in growth, grew green its top - ended in time of collection.
    Year on year. Early friendly spring need to hurry. Quickly all the blossoms that bloom. And later, a rainy spring nature awakens as if reluctantly. Therefore, the time of collection can be different. But, as a rule, it happens in February - March. Kidney birch can be harvested earlier in January. As medicinal raw materials use kidney birch (birch warty) and Scots pine.

    So dried herbs at home.

    Collection of birch buds is carried out only on those areas of forest that are designed for felling or allocated by forestry for the production of brooms. Branches with kidney cut, tie into bundles (broom) and dried within 3-4 weeks.
    To dry it very carefully, in a cool room. The heat here is a bad assistant. Not dogmatise and will turn green buds begin to come out, because they ripped off some time continue to live. Unsuitable will be such raw materials.
    The pine trees are cut shears or a knife shortened top shoots, called by the kidneys. Prepare them with young felled trees in areas where the conduct thinning. The top flight (crown) with the remainder of the branch should consist of about 3 see
    Dry pine kidneys should attic or under a canopy with good ventilation, spreading their layer 3-4 cm on paper or fabric. In good weather raw material dries up for 10-15 days. It is impossible to dry pine buds on the attic under the iron roof and dryers, as if heated resin kidney melts and evaporates, and scales from the sides. This reduces the quality of raw materials.
    In the spring, when the "cry" birch and swells kidneys, collect the bark of trees and shrubs - oak, rose, buckthorn - in areas designated by the forestry. Medicinal bark only in the short term SAP flow. Yes and collect it at this time easier: cambium cells, which lies on the border of bark and wood, swell and easily broken.
    Remove the bark with young, usually two-year branches. Making two semicircular cut, from one another 20-30 cm, and three or four longitudinal, separate strips. While they do not tear off one end, the bottom. Let it will Poviat, little provalitsya. No need to sostrogat bark as medicinal raw materials will be unnecessary admixture residue wood. In raw materials should not be an admixture of lichens. Therefore branches on which they grow, first you need to thoroughly clean.
    Stacking healing fee prepared bags, make sure that the handset or grooves, which are rolled up pieces of bark, did not get one to another, otherwise they can become moldy, to darken deteriorate.
    Dried bark need in the shadow of the wind, shed or in well-ventilated attic, placing a thin loose layer. And here it is necessary to watch, that the grooves are not invested in each other.
    If it is necessary to collect only the leaves, then cut them mainly with flowering plants. Except leaves mother-and-stepmother (collect them after flowering) and cranberry (collect them before flowering in spring or after flowering, in the end of summer).
    It should be quite developed middle and lower leaves, fresh and healthy. Sometimes plants cut or cut, dried and only then allergiat the leaves from the stems. So usually prepare the nettles. After all, a piece to collect difficult: very hot. In baskets of leaves placed loosely. After drying, they should be natural colouring and with the inherent plant smell.

  • Yuriy Veniaminovich Sinadski