Preface

High consumption of alcoholic beverages, the increase in the number of patients with alcoholism, the negative impact of alcohol Abuse on health, economic and moral damage from drunkenness and alcoholism made this problem in most countries of the world in the number key that has not only medical but also social value.
Although in comparison with most developed capitalist countries the level of alcohol consumption and the incidence of alcoholism in the USSR below, alcoholism is also a problem in our country. The report of the Central Committee of the CPSU of the XXVI Congress of the party stated: "Considerable damage to society, family causes binge drinking, which, frankly, still remains a serious problem. To combat these ugly phenomena should be directed efforts of all labour collectives, public organizations and all Communists... We have a great work on improvement of the socialist way of life, to eradicate all that hinders the formation of a new man. This is one of the integral parts of social policy of the party, the goal of which is the welfare and happiness of the Soviet people!"
The need to strengthen the fight against drunkenness and alcoholism requires a comprehensive coverage of this complex problem and, first of all, such aspects as the determination of the causes and medical-social consequences of alcohol abuse, the generalization of the experience of struggle with alcoholism. Along with detailed coverage of these issues in the monograph is given a synthesis of the modern classifications and concepts of alcoholism, shows methodological approaches to the study of alcoholism as a socio-hygienic problems, describes the software and methodology for integrated social-hygienic researches of alcoholism.
The analysis of numerous literature sources (domestic and foreign), various materials and documents relating to the medico-social aspects of alcohol abuse and alcoholism, as well as a synthesis of the results of many years studies of alcoholism in the Department of social hygiene and public health organization II of Moscow order of Lenin state medical Institute. N. I. Pirogov (II molgmi) give an idea about the current state of this problem not only in our country but also abroad.
The first edition of the book (1978) received numerous positive reviews from experts in the field of social hygiene and public health organization, doctors of addiction psychiatrists, as well as representatives of non-medical professions (sociologists, lawyers, philosophers). Feedback, comments and suggestions of the authors tried to consider in the 2nd edition.
Although the book's structure virtually did not change, 2nd edition includes new data of domestic and foreign authors on the health effects of alcoholism, some chapters of the revised significantly. In particular, expanded Chapter "Methods of study of alcoholism" by stating in it the main directions of the Republican complex program of scientific research of alcoholism, in development of which the authors were directly involved.
Significant processing subjected main, final Chapter of the book, devoted to the organization of the fight against alcoholism in the USSR. It shows the main directions and character of the state-administrative and social measures of struggle against drunkenness and alcoholism taking into account recent decisions of the party and government, the experience of creation in our country drug treatment services. A new section of this Chapter is devoted to the aspects of primary prevention of alcoholism. Much attention is paid to the questions of the promotion of healthy lifestyles and ways of formation of sobriety installations in the younger generation. Especially important these issues at the present stage of development of our society, when you created the necessary material and spiritual possibilities for the full and harmonious development of personality and the establishment of the socialist way of life.
Despite a substantial addition, the authors understand that the book does not cover all the diversity and complexity of the problem of alcoholism. Many aspects require further scientific development, consolidation of forms and methods of struggle with alcoholism, and drunkenness, and new generalized works on this problem.
The authors gratefully accept all the comments and wishes of readers and will take them into account in their further work.

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