Social conditions improve longevity of the population

The lengthening of life of the population is very important for our state because of premature mortality causes significant economic and moral damage. However, any increase in life expectancy due to changes in social and especially (biological conditions cannot be considered in isolation of its possible social and demographic consequences or without them.
Using the model of stable population Polish demographer Matthiessen (1967) showed that in case of increase of the average life expectancy of 70 to 100 years (under condition of constant-fertility) will sharply increase the aging of the population, changes in family status at older ages and the number of simultaneous coexistence of generations in the family will increase from three to five. This significantly will increase the economic burden on the working part of the population (25 to 70%), which will contain the old people. Significantly lengthened and after their work period (from 20 up to 40-45 years), resulting in a sharper will be the problems of pension provision, organization of medical and social services for elderly and old people, as well as issues of changing professions and multiple professional retraining for long working life.
From our point of view, the authors of such predictions and calculations do not take into account the relationship between the value of life expectancy and health level of the population. The point is that increasing the probability of achieving the high age limits will be accompanied by a substantial improvement of the General state of health not only in young, middle, but even in old age. As evidenced by a number of sanitary and statistical data, each successive generations of older people are generally healthier than their predecessors. The increase in the number of the years will entail the extension of the period of creative, professional activity, which will push up the age ladder beginning of the period of incapacity. Obviously, widespread formula "not years to life and life to years" should be changed; "and years to life and life to years".
In socialist society, in which the strengthening of the health of workers is one of the most important social tasks and perspective plans of development of the national economy which provides measures for significant material (welfare, the improvement of the living conditions, improvement of professional production environment, improvement of health services and environmental health, there is every reason to create favorable conditions prolonging the life of Soviet people, increasing the creative productive period, prevention of premature deaths.
Significant positive changes in increasing longevity of the population in a relatively short time show real possibilities of influence on this phenomenon, which can be considered as a controlled process, guided by improving external (primarily social) environment (dedicated activities in public and private.
In order to reduce the gap between the potential of species and valid, socially determined by the lifetime of the efforts of the society should be aimed primarily at eliminating differences in life expectancy of men and women and the elimination of the increased male mortality from cardiovascular diseases, injuries and diseases of the respiratory organs.
Is urgent in-depth comprehensive study of the causes of mortality of the population to identify science-based measures that contribute to its reduction.
In order to achieve further significant increase in life expectancy large masses of the population, will require serious efforts and measures of social, economic and medical-social nature, aimed at eliminating those factors that still hamper the humane solution to these problems.
In-depth study of the conditions that facilitate or hinder Divemaster to the long years of age, is an important prerequisite for successful solution of the task-surveys effective measures to increase the length of life of the Soviet people.
Along with such directions and methods to elucidate the role of positive and negative factors of longevity, specific for this area or this category of people, which are used in the socio-hygienic or epidemiological studies, a certain importance may have a thorough programmed to study conditions and lifestyle of long-livers, which is an excellent model of active longevity.