Causes of obesity

Obesity occurs for various reasons, but the most important are two over-nutrition and lack of physical activity.

  • Insufficient physical activity
  • Hormonal disorders
  • Heredity
  • Periods of risk for obesity
  • Phases of development of obesity
  • Adaptation to the decrease in caloric intake
  • Joules, so don't act!
  • Redundant power

    The vast majority of overweight people cause of obesity is excessive in relation to the power consumption of food. All men, however, under the same conditions need not be in the same amount of energy (i.e., food), but the easiest way to regulate body weight meal. The energy consumption can reduce and other circumstances (hormonal disorders, heredity), but compared with the value of the supply their role subordinated, especially in the period of dynamic development of obesity.
    In a healthy organism functioning regulatory mechanisms that affect the appetite according necessary, existing at the moment, and thus affect the intake of food. So many people for many years effortlessly keep the same weight and sometimes even at relatively unstable conditions (job change, food and so on). The regulator meal is located in the hypothalamus that controls and other vegetative functions. Disorders of the hypothalamus obesity occurs with numerous complications. Damaging centers of the hypothalamus in laboratory animals, you can call them due to the limitations of appetite dystrophy, often leading to death, either by increasing appetite - obesity. In humans cause overeating only in exceptional cases lies in the damage to the hypothalamus, often its sources should be sought in external conditions.
    For children, the decisive factor is the influence of the mother. Mother defines the power mode of the child from birth. Important feeding if she breast-feeding, because breastfeeding is the best prevention of childhood obesity. Artificial nutrition (healing sweetened milk and high-calorie foods) easily leads to overfeeding. Of course, all-round care of the child: psychological contact, sufficient exposure to fresh air, exercise. We must remember that feeding is only one of the components of maternal care and wrong to overestimate, as it sometimes is a middle-aged mother, mother, some with children, and mother's only child. About 60% of children thick influenced by this factor. Sometimes, on the contrary, the mother, giving the child too much food, especially sweets, tries to avoid unnecessary trouble. She didn't have enough patience, she wants to have a "moment of peace", and therefore in the Park when the child plays with other children or running around with them, mother treats the child with sweets and biscuits to it with discipline was sitting in the sandbox next to her while she will read or talk with a friend. Laziness mother often plays a decisive role in the preparation of the menu. It is easier for two minutes to cook porridge from concentrate, or make a sandwich, what to look for vegetables, lean meat and cook a hot dinner.
    Of course, and a very caring mother sometimes unable to comply fully with the principles of the diet, but at desire, it is sufficient interest in and knowledge of the fundamentals of supply can be replaced by some other products, or to make the menu so that it will meet at least the basic requirements.
    Some parents and grandparents, especially mothers and grandmothers, mistakenly believe that if a child is to give more food, it will be healthier, stronger and development. It's bad for those people who are chronically hungry, but not for our children. For example, the average growth of the Japanese youth is growing from year to year in connection with the transition to European food, more rich in animal protein.
    It is shown that more frequent meals (with intervals of 3-4 hours) for fat better than food once a day. Adopted by the food is after 1-3 hours and causes the secretion of digestive juices that requires a certain amount of energy. As a result, on 20-30% increased basal metabolism. This means that after lunch, energy consumption increased by 50-90 kJ (10-20 kcal) per hour. Food only once a day promotes the "deposition" of energy received from food into fat reserves, from which you can cut it if necessary. If you have a long, that is, of course, causes severe famine, and upon returning from work no one wants to wait until it is cooked diet food is eaten everything on hand, though wrong from the point of view of the diet. But be careful: frequent eating does not mean that every time you can eat as much as "fit".

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