The main causes of death of the older population

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Geography and dynamics of life expectancy due to differences of socio-economic and socio-hygienic factors, mediated by through the specifics in the health of the population - its morbidity and mortality. The last and determines the degree of Divemaster people up to a high age boundaries, i.e., the death rate is as if "the flip side of" life expectancy.
Many authors have proved that the ties between the factors (social and natural) and internal environment (heredity, Constitution), the differences in the strength and direction of their influence on health of the population determine the territorial peculiarities in the levels and causes of mortality. This is eloquently proved by the data published by who. Here are some examples that apply to many economically developed countries, the intensity of mortality from the major causes for 1970, which show quite a wide range of variation in older age groups. So, the differences between the minimum and maximum rates of mortality per 100 000 men aged 55-64 years is:1 1) diseases of the circulatory system from 562 (France) to 1446 (Finland); 2) in case of injuries and other accidents - from 65 (England) to 205 (Austria); 3) in malignant tumors - from 352 (Sweden) to 655 (Czechoslovakia).
To a large extent on the features of the nature and prevalence of various diseases, the frequency and the ratio of individual causes of death developing under the influence of environmental factors on the probability of reaching people longevity. Quite clearly, this dependence is when mapping of relevant data on the three groups of countries. In those, where there are the lowest total mortality and relatively low mortality from cardio-vascular diseases, cancer and accidents in older age (highly developed Nordic countries, UK, France and some European socialist countries), accounts for the largest number of persons reaching 80 years of age - more than 30 thousand men and more than 45 thousand women per 100 000 simultaneously born people. On the contrary, in countries with a very high mortality rates and low drivemoto up to 80 years of age (180=20-30 thousand) among the causes of death are various infectious and parasitic diseases, metabolic disorders associated with chronic malnutrition. This group includes Mexico, Egypt and other developing countries of Africa, Asia and South America. Intermediate place such industrially developed countries as the USA, Austria and other European countries with a relatively high level of longevity (180=25 - 40 thousand), where cardiovascular diseases and injuries account for a significant share of all causes of death.
The results of the socio-hygienic and social research (G. I. Tsaregorodtsev, A. F. of Poles, 1966; Y. A. Dobrovolsky, 1968; N. P. Dubinin, 1972), clearly demonstrate the social conditions of territorial and sex differences not only in terms of death rate from certain diseases, but their place in the overall structure of causes of death. As a result of the positive socio-economic reforms, improvement of living conditions of the population and success in the field of organization of medical aid in any country can eliminate or significantly reduce mortality from acute infectious diseases, on the first place among causes of death in elderly and senile age is put forward such chronic conditions as cardiovascular diseases and malignant tumours.