The causes of disease in athletes

Significance of the study of the causes of diseases for persons engaged in physical training and sports, becomes every day more and more relevant. This is determined by two circumstances. The first is that, as already indicated, in physical training and sports engages more of the Soviet people of different age and state of health. Secondly, there has been a significant increase in the scope and intensity workout that created the conditions for possible physical overload athlete. Finally, while the specific weight of diseases of the physical culture and sport is small, it certainly increases.
A small proportion of disease in sport can not serve as a reason for abandoning their studies and controlling them. The Soviet health care leads to a successful struggle for example, TB morbidity which our country is small and all the time is reduced; thanks to well-organized system of antimalarial struggle in our country eliminated such a severe disease like malaria, the number of patients which before was relatively small. Such examples are numerous. They fully acknowledge that only knowledge of the causes of illnesses provides for prevention and, ultimately, their liquidation.
What sports and health - this is, to some extent, synonyms, no doubt. However, physical training and sport have health only when they are carried out rationally, with optimal load in appropriate hygiene conditions and so on, in other words, in order for physical culture and sport held his health is, you must follow certain conditions. These conditions are primarily in the absence of physical and emotional overload, simply individualization load and its optimality, non-observance of a mode of life and nutrition, etc., of Course, all of these conditions were well known before, but they are not always implemented. However, if earlier errors in these conditions rarely led to serious consequences, as the training was small, but now, given the high training loads of modern sport, doing so leads to severe and sometimes tragic consequences. Then sports can be a source of various kinds of diseases and injuries, often reaching up to degrees incompatible with life.
All this does not mean that modern sport lost its curative value. Just positive properties of modern sport has become harder and harder to use. Any physical activity, i.e., physical activity, without which it is impossible normal human existence, should be optimal for each. Only optimal load provides the physical improvement of the human body. However, determining what the optimal load difficult, and therefore it can sometimes be as excessive and insufficient.
The frequency of certain diseases in athletes Leningrad region with different orientation of training process on surveyed 1000 athletes.
Lack of physical activity is a state of inactivity or hypokinesia. This condition is known characteristic of modern society with an almost complete elimination professional physical labor. Despite the large literature on this issue, it seems that not everything is clear and not always to physical inactivity should be treated negatively. After all, a certain degree of physical inactivity is a natural satellite of life. If, for example, a minimum of 6-8 hours a day man will not be in a deep state of inactivity, i.e. to sleep, he will not be able to exist. Hence, the negative impact not at all physical inactivity, and its only a certain degree. What degree of inactivity turns it from a physiological factor in pathological, it is not always clear, and you can think that this degree of the individual. This circumstance should be considered when dispensing exercise, because it is obvious that only lack of exercise beyond physiological, can cause the development of various pathological changes in the body. In other words, we are talking about excessive physical inactivity.
Considerable physical activity is called gipergennye, or giperkinesia. These terms are not yet common, but seem legitimate and responsible essence. And this concept is very individually. Giperkinesia can be a factor causing pathological changes only when it is excessive. The level of gipergennye in which it becomes excessive, individual and very different for athletes and for those not involved in sports, and especially for the patient. After all, Jogging 300 m may be for the patient same excessive load, as for an athlete running at 50 km distance
Under excessive physical load should understand the load that exceeds the capacity of this particular entity at the moment. Obviously, for the same person, the same load may be optimal, and over, depending on its condition at the moment. The line beyond which develop pathological changes at each person and it is not always possible to determine quite accurately.
If the optimum load, as mentioned, is the physical perfection of a person, when excessive Hypo - and gipergennye depending on their intensity there are a variety of pathological changes in organs and systems of varying severity from mild to fatal.
Read more about the importance of physical stress as the cause of diseases will be told further.
Before proceeding to the classification of causes of disease in athletes, it is necessary to focus on two issues of great importance for understanding the problem of occurrence of diseases in sports. We are talking about the chronic infection and immune responsiveness increasingly important not only in sports, but in clinical medicine.