Professional reorientation and rehabilitation in pre-pension and pension age

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For theory and practice of medical rehabilitation is becoming increasingly important clarification social and occupational factors that may lead to the need of rehabilitation. It is necessary that every doctor, in addition to purely medical, knew basis of social and vocational rehabilitation.
In connection with the social aspect of the problem arise, in particular, issues such as the relationship of the ageing working with the environment, especially relations to it at home and at work finding ways fast enough to feel, integration of the old working with a team and to adapt to new working conditions if they appear in connection with professional reorientation!. Ultimately, the attitude of the ageing working to reduce its professional performance depends not only on the extent of the changes of physiological functions and mental warehouse, but from the reaction of the people around him.
Vocational rehabilitation includes the organization of a complex of measures on rational employment device persons with a reduced capacity for work, a definition of the employment guidelines, training and retraining, corresponding production work organisation and subsequent dynamic monitoring of their disability.
Various factors determining occupational rehabilitation of persons older working age, are at the same time and interrelated. These ratios in each case are imposed on certain biological basis and social commitment. The degree and nature of the relationship of these factors depend on social background. The complex relationship of these parameters, the practical impossibility of precise measurement of individual factors and their correlation make the issue of vocational rehabilitation of the person in different age periods is difficult, important and requires in-depth study. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the rapid obsolescence of knowledge, moral depreciation qualification occurring faster, the higher the pace of scientific and technological progress. Currently it is considered that the average term of amortization of special knowledge of 8-10 years. It demands a constant systematic training of workers to mitigate the effect of age-related loss of perception of new and prevention of early termination in connection with this factor.
In the process of aging is marked drop in the ability to learn and acquire new skills. In considering the question of re-training of the person in different periods of ontogenesis, it is necessary to take into account age-related changes in various organs and systems that receive additional load in connection with the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, abilities. While it is desirable that a new specialty was close to the previous one.
In conditions of the contemporary labor activity learning ability is largely dependent on the changes of psychophysiological functions. When considering the issues related to retraining, are elements that increase the efficiency of training, and "interference", which has a negative impact on the training. The elements of "aid" are: motivation, a favourable social environment, a positive attitude to learning, hygienically optimal lighting, atmospheric pressure and other factors, including good mood and willingness to reorient. "Interference" is the factors of the negative attitude to training and professional re-orientation.