Occupational hazards and age

In the Soviet legislation provides for the limitation of working capacity only before a labour majority. For people who have reached old age, an age limit is not provided. For workers and employees in harmful and heavy labor pension legislation defined benefits by age and seniority.
Adults are more resistant to the harmful factors in work than Teens who physiological features of puberty are more sensitive to the effects of toxic substances and adverse weather conditions, noise and vibration, as well as to forced labour pose. Unstable nervous system teenager maintains long busy pace of labour, responsible activities, noise and shaking, night work. Due to immature bone-muscular system they can not tolerate increased physical activity, especially static, more prone to injury and purulent skin diseases.
Soviet law regulated working conditions, rest and vocational training for adolescents: prohibited the employment of persons under the age of 16. In exceptional cases with the permission of a trade Union can be taken at individual and team training persons who have reached 15 years. The duration of their working day 4 hours. The duration of holidays for teenagers - 1 calendar month. Denied admission adolescents to night, overtime work, and persons under 20 years of age to work in mines and in places that threaten the development of pneumoconiosis.
The employment and vocational training is regulated by the list of productions, which prohibited the employment of children, lists of occupations for which training, and a list of medical contraindications to work and apprenticeship training teenagers in some professions. During practical training teenagers studying in vocational schools, technical schools and upper secondary schools may be in enterprises and on the jobs listed in the list of prohibited plants, not more than 3 hours a day. Enjoy a number of privileges to allow the organization of everyday life, professional development, education and social insurance teenagers.