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Specific prevention

Primary prevention of alcoholism and alcohol abuse also has a number of specific directions. The most important of them is restricting the availability of alcohol. The amount varied effects of alcohol consumption is directly correlated with the level of its production. So tempting looks simple and seemingly radical solution is a ban on the production and sale of alcohol. At first glance, this measure should solve all problems. In reality things are different.
According to experts of the who (the Chronicle who, 1983), where negative attitudes towards alcohol consumption is the long-standing historical character, such as India and Muslim communities, the continuation of the policy of prohibition of alcoholic beverages can be justified. Alcohol consumption is minimized, but there is the problem of drug addiction.
However, in most regions, efforts to total prohibition of alcohol, over time were unsuccessful. The ban, which was not preceded by a long preparatory work, which was not provided a powerful ideological support, not accompanied by restructuring in a socially and individually-psychological levels failed. And today with this negative experience can not be considered. Avoiding alcohol should be a natural consequence of everyday practices, needs and lifestyles of people. Society must be made to completely do in a life without any psychotropic drugs. People should abandon alcohol.
Nevertheless, the need to limit the availability of alcohol does not cause doubts. First of all, because of the wide uncontrolled availability of alcohol is one of the factors contributing to the initiation of the population to alcohol. The reduction in the production and sale of alcohol should be justified as the pace and volume.
It should be noted that the drastic reduction in the USSR, production and trade of alcoholic beverages (thus, in 1986, the sale of alcoholic beverages in the country has decreased in comparison with 1985 37%) in combination with other protivosudorojnami measures have yielded tangible positive effect. But the impression is that the changes occur through use of nearby reserves decreased the consumption of alcohol by young people, as well as the most conscious (and, apparently, the most healthy part of society. Deeper restructuring that determine attitudes towards alcohol, remains to be implemented.
Practically already taken the necessary decisions for isolation from alcohol total youth population. Up to 21 years raised the age limit, giving the right to purchase alcohol. Soviet criminal and administrative legislation has significantly increased the liability for involvement of minors in drunkenness. The procedure for imposing penalties on parents, allowing the appearance of their children in a drunken state. In this direction has considerably activated the Komsomol, and other public organizations. But we should not forget that the attitude of young people to a greater extent than for other age groups, the required complex of constructive activities, complementary to the prohibition and punishment.
The availability of alcohol is limited and the other way: it reduces the number of places of sale and the sale of alcohol selling alcohol shops are derived from certain areas (production, trade, recreation). To some extent, the availability of alcohol is limited and the rising prices of alcoholic beverages.
In General based policy of limiting the availability of alcohol necessary, as it pushes the masses to realize the necessity of rebuilding their relationship to alcohol.