Prevention of bites of poisonous animals; first aid for bites. Protection of poisonous snakes

Poisonous animals are not aggressive, even the most poisonous of them, such as Cobra and lebetina Viper, when meeting a person disappear, rapidly polza into the first hole, crack or in bushes. Bite of a snake when they are compelled to (tease, hurting and being hurt, for example, during fishing, etc), but usually bite happens by chance.
R., 26 years old, while relaxing in the field felt the sting; rising, he saw a snake. Caught one, put it in his pocket and ran after the other. When he began to take out a snake from her pocket, she bit him in the big finger of the left hand. Soon the casualty's condition worsened and he was taken first in agriculture, then in Nakhichevan Republican hospital with severe poisoning. After conducting a comprehensive treatment he recovered.
G., 16 years old, caught in the field snake by the tail, struck it, then released and was captured again. When you try to grab a snake head got a bite. The victim has imposed tight bandage and brought to the hospital with poisoning moderate. After conducting a comprehensive treatment he recovered.
Indian fishermen, pulling snakes from the network bare hands, not subject to the bites. Bite the snake, if you grab them sharply and cause pain. If you touch Viper, without causing her pain, she crawls away (N. 3. Monakov, 1953). Snakes do not pursue a person and not attack him. If you met a man, a snake can't hide, then, throwing the enemy front part of the body, it is strongly hisses, then closes its mouth and, without moving, in a state of irritation bites its own (A. M. Alekperov, 1970). Despite the activity of snakes for almost the whole year (FK Sharifov, 1970), bites them is usually seen at the height of agricultural works. According to our observations, 81 % of patients were bitten in the afternoon, when the snake light. Opinion about the aggressiveness of snakes during mating, egg laying and molting also not confirmed. A resident of South Africa Trevor Kruger 36 d lived in the cell where there were 48 lebetine vipers and cobras, and never underwent their bites.
Scorpions, karakurt and tarantulas also not aggressive. When meeting a person they quickly disappear. Bee and wasp stings, when I destroy their nests or trying to catch, kill them, and so on, Sometimes hundreds of bees sit on the human body and not Ugolev, fly away. Tarantula in case of danger assumes the pose threats widened hooks, but no bites. Yourself in a difficult situation, he tries to hide, sometimes causes bite without allocation of poison or selects it in small quantities. Before you put the hooks into the body, he often pours the poison out (P. I. Marikovsky, 1956).
The above suggests that in the prevention of bites of poisonous animals is important caution when hit in places known for their presence. When walking to places, overgrown with bushes or grass, you should push them stick. Good protection against bites rubber or leather boots, thick woolen socks. In places where there are poisonous animals, dangerous to walk barefoot or in sandals. Bedtime should be inspected premises (house) - floors, walls, crazy bags, remove clothing and shoes tight collapse, so they do not crawl poisonous animals, in the morning, before putting on clothes, you should carefully examine it and shake. At night the fields you need to mask the light sources, attracting poisonous animals. The edges of the tents and the ground around it at the distance of 0.5-1 m should sprinkle disinfectants (bleach, chlorophos, and others). From stings of Scorpions, karakurts, bees, wasps and other protects gauze curtain which ends need to fill under the mattress or sleeping bag.
By the bite of a poisonous animals of the victim should be placed, and forbade him to move, to give drink plenty of water - tea, coffee, yogurt, sour milk or milk. Inside the victim to give 5-10 mg of prednisolone, enter 500-1000 AE therapeutic serum and immediately take him to the nearest hospital.
Since ancient times people feel fear of snakes, including their perfidious enemy, silently podpolnaya and lightning deals bite. Therefore the destruction of the serpent was considered one of the effective measures to prevent their bites. As a result, in Brazil, India, France, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia and other countries where the bites are the most common, destroyed tens of thousands of snakes. In India, where the snake is considered to be a sacred animal, according to the Taschenberg (1909), destroyed 2 737 764 snakes. In France in 1890 in the district Hoston were killed 67 620 vipers, in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1906 - 25 483 snakes and so on, But reasonable if this struggle? After all, in nature from venomous animals and so a lot of enemies. Snakes, for example, kill many birds (Secretary, eagle, sorokopud, Heron, night Heron, Condor, konyuk, Chinese owl, Roadrunner and others), some wild and domestic animals (cow, goat, pig, moles, ferret, mongoose, some Martens and foxes, and so on). And even among snakes there cannibalism: Cobra destroys the Viper, Levantine Viper eats Viper Radde, etc.
Reasonable if this struggle, if a decrease in the number of snakes is not reduced the number of bites and if to consider, that snakes eat mice, insects, rats, not only harmful to agriculture, but which carries such dangerous diseases as plague, tularemia, infectious jaundice? In addition, snake venom is very effective remedy with a wide spectrum of action. Therefore, the decrease in the number of snakes caused the necessity of their special breeding.
In the Soviet Union has a law prohibiting the capture and destruction of poisonous snakes. "The goddess of death"- so named in the East of venomous snakes - is now the source of healing means saving thousands of lives.