Prevention in the USSR

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Prevention in the USSR - integrated system of the state, public and medical interventions aimed at preventing the emergence and spread of diseases and strengthening of health of the population.
The program of the Party, adopted at the VIII Congress in 1919, establishes preventive direction of the Soviet health care. "The basis of its activities in the field of health,- is said in the Program,- the party believes first of all, the extensive health and sanitary measures aimed at prevention of diseases".
In the USSR care about people's health, disease prevention is a national task, in exercising the participation of all levels of the state system and public organizations.
In the Program of the CPSU adopted at the XXII Congress of the party, says: "the Socialist state is the only state which takes charge of the protection and continuous improvement of the health of the whole population. This is ensured by the system of socio-economic and medical measures.
Preventive direction of the Soviet health care is provided socio-economic activities of the state and specific activities of the bodies and institutions of health.
"Fundamentals of the legislation of the USSR and Union republics on health care fix the following principles of organization of health care in the USSR, which is crucial for the prevention of diseases: "health of population in the USSR is ensured by the system of socio-economic and health measures and is carried out through:
1) extensive Wellness and preventive measures, special care about the health of the younger generation;
2) create on manufacture and in a life proper sanitary and hygienic conditions, the causes of occupational injuries, occupational diseasesand other factors negatively affecting health;
3) carrying out measures on improvement of the external environment, provision of sanitary protection of water bodies, soil and atmospheric air;
4) planned development of the network of health care institutions and enterprises of medical industry;
5) free meet the needs of the population in all types of medical care, improvement of quality and culture of medical care, the gradual expansion of dispensary observation, development of specialized medical care;
6) free provision of treatment and diagnostics, in-patient treatment with the gradual expansion of free or on preferential terms of medical means and other kinds of medical aid;
7) expand the network of sanatoriums, preventoriums, rest homes, boarding houses, tourist centers and other establishments for the treatment and rest of workers;
8) physical and hygienic education of citizens, development of mass physical culture and sports;
9) development of science, the planned implementation of scientific researches, training of scientific personnel and highly qualified specialists in the field of health;
10) use in the operation of institutions of science, technology and medical practices equipment of these institutions with the modern equipment;
11) development of scientific-and-hygienic bases of power of the population;
12) the wide participation of public organizations and collectives of workers in the health of the population".