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The main directions of prevention of alcoholism

In the previous sections of this Chapter it is shown that one of the important directions of the fight against alcoholism is the timely identification and registration not only of alcoholics, but also threatened against alcoholism of community - drunkards (without signs of alcoholic illness), which is made in a condition of alcoholic intoxication anti-social behaviour, and implementation in relation to them of measures of medical and social impacts. The need for active and full of detection of persons with harmful alcohol (drunkards and alcoholics), applying the differentiated interventions requires further coordination of efforts of authorities and health agencies, administrative bodies and the public, creating a more coherent system, providing organizational connection and continuity in the work of the basic units of alcohol and alcoholism.
Approved in recent years, the Ministry of health of the USSR provisions on narcological dispensary and narcological Cabinet (narkomanka), and also methodical recommendations and instructions for the identification of alcohol abusers, and the organization of treatment of alcoholism include interrelated activities narcological institutions of the Ministry of health of the USSR and the Ministry of internal Affairs of the USSR and create the basis for further improvement of the system of narcological assistance to the population. Unfortunately, even the most perfect system of narcological assistance, ensuring timely and full identification of contingent abuse alcohol, still does not solve the problem of struggle with alcoholism. It will create a favorable basis for offensive and determined struggle against this negative phenomenon.
An important strategic direction of the fight against alcoholism is carrying out on a large scale measures aimed at the primary prevention of alcohol-specific factors determining the Genesis of alcohol abuse (see Chapter VI).
Prevention of alcoholism, as presented in figure 2, consists of three main areas: broad educational work with the population, health and hygiene education of the population and formation of sobriety installations in the younger generation. We will stop briefly at each of these areas.
Broad educational work among the population should include further improvement of the cultural level, the formation of protivokashleva public opinion and the organization of cultural leisure of the population, especially young people.
Recent studies indicate that most abuse alcohol characterized by a relatively low level of education and culture; alcohol abuse contribute to shortcomings in the organization of cultural leisure of youth and other population groups, the absence in many work collectives climate of intolerance towards persons who abuse alcohol, condescending attitude to the drunkards.
According to our data, as we noted above, there is a reliable correlative relationship (reverse) between education and the prevalence of alcohol abuse. Over 75% of persons who abused alcohol, had low cultural level of a considerable part of their free time they spend in a circle of companions.
The growth of the material welfare of the population in conditions of developed socialism, as rightly observes, Was Zaigraev, does not in itself cause the adequate changes in the consciousness and behaviour. It is necessary to create favorable material and cultural living conditions at the same time was supplemented by a set of measures on formation protivogololodnych attitudes among the population. Achieve the full and harmonious development of the personality of the Soviet people is inseparably linked with the education workers ' socio-positive mental facilities, with the creation in collectives of healthy moral and psychological climate, the atmosphere of intolerance to the drunkards and drinking as a social evil, increasing role of leadership in shaping protivokashleva public opinion.